Table grape

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Table grapes as a motif in the still life fruit basket by Caravaggio

Table grapes are grapes , i.e. fruits of the grapevine , which, unlike wine grapes, are not used for winemaking but are eaten raw as fruit . Table grapes do not ripen after harvest, they are non-climatic fruits .

Requirements and regulations

The requirements for table grapes are different from those for wine grapes: the grapes should have loose berries, the berries should be large, juicy, with little or no seeds and have a delicate skin. In addition, early maturity is desirable.

With the reform of the EU wine market regulation on August 1, 2000, wine law no longer applies to table grapes . They can therefore be grown like other fruits such as apples, pears or cherries. If this happens outside of vineyards and without planting rights , the legal regulations must be observed: No varieties that are classified as wine varieties (e.g. Regent or Phoenix ) may be planted .

White varieties

The Sultana, with its white, seedless berries, is the most widely grown table grape in the world.

Red and blue varieties

The Cardinal is a well-known and widespread red grape variety that is used as a table grape.

Table grape varieties and their characteristics frequently grown around the world

The world production of table grapes in 2014 was around 27 million tons. Around half of world production came from three countries: the People's Republic of China, India and Turkey.

World production of table grapes
in million t
country 2000 2014
China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China People's Republic of China 1.3 9.2
IndiaIndia India 0.9 2.1
TurkeyTurkey Turkey 2.1 2.1
EgyptEgypt Egypt 1.0 1.4
United StatesUnited States United States 0.9 1.2
IranIran Iran 1.5 1.1
ItalyItaly Italy 1.4 1.0
UzbekistanUzbekistan Uzbekistan 0.4 1.1
BrazilBrazil Brazil 0.4 0.8
World as a whole 15.7 27.0
Table grape varieties and growing countries
variety Characteristics countries
Alphonse Lavallée very large, dark, seed-containing grapes with a firm skin Argentina, Chile, Turkey, Peru
Crimson Seedless small to medium-sized, red, elliptical, seedless berries Egypt, Italy, Peru, South Africa, United States
Dattier de Beyrouth large, white, pitted berries, densely packed, with thick skin and firm flesh Italy, Spain, Turkey
Flame Seedless medium-sized, seedless, red berries Argentina, Chile, Egypt, Peru, South America, United States
Muscat de Hambourg
( Muscat Hamburg )
medium-sized to large dark, stone-rich berries, muscat aromas People's Republic of China, France, Italy, Argentina, Chile, Turkey, Peru
Italia very large, pithy berries in close packing Argentina, People's Republic of China, Italy
Muscat d'Alexandrie
( Muscat of Alexandria )
very large white, elliptical, seed-containing grapes, tightly packed, with firm flesh, intense muscatel aromas Algeria, Argentina, Greece, Morocco, South Africa, Spain
Red Globe medium-sized, red, round, pitted berries Argentina, Australia, Chile Egypt, Italy, Peru, South Africa, United States
Sugraone medium to large white, seedless berries, densely packed Argentina, Australia, Egypt, Italy, Peru, South Africa, United States
( Sultanina )
small, white, seedless berries, densely packed, with a thin skin and firm flesh Argentina, Australia, Chile, People's Republic of China, Greece, India, Iran, South Africa, Egypt, Turkey, United States
Victoria large, white, elliptical, pitted berries, firm pulp Argentina, Italy


  • Volker Jörger, Rainer Engel: Table grapes also offer a chance for domestic cultivation . In: The Baden winegrower . March 2003, p. 37–42 ( online [PDF; 246 kB ]).

Web links

Commons : Handbook of table grape culture  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: Table grape  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Regulation (EC) No. 2789/99 (PDF) of the Commission of December 22, 1999 to set the marketing standard for table grapes.
  2. The red grape variety Großvernatsch is a variant of the Vernatsch grape, the German grape variant of which is known as Trollinger .
  3. a b c Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and International Organization for Vine and Wine (Ed.): TABLE AND DRIED GRAPES, FAO-OIV FOCUS 2016: Non-alcoholic products of the vitivinicultural sector intended for human consumption . 2016, ISBN 978-92-5109708-3 (English, ).