Linz Music Theater

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The music theater opened in April 2013 in Linz

The Musiktheater Linz is a venue of the State Theater Linz . The building planned by Terry Pawson was constructed between 2008 and 2013 and serves as the theater and opera house of the city of Linz . The official commissioning of the music theater, opened by Heinz Fischer on April 11, 2013 , took place on April 12, 2013 with the world premiere of the opera Traces of the Lost by Philip Glass based on the play of the same name by Peter Handke . Political disputes over the location, the invitation to tender for two architecture competitions and the implementation of a referendum were the reasons for the delay of several years in the start of construction.


The old Blumauerplatz (photo from 1992)
Linz Music Theater - Construction site (May 2010)

The plans for an opera house in Linz go back to 1938. After the " annexation of Austria " to the National Socialist German Reich, according to Adolf Hitler's plans, Greater Linz was to become, among other things, a cultural capital. An opera house, operetta theater and concert hall were planned for the Blumau, the current location of the music theater. However, this project was not implemented.

In 1984 the association "Friends of Linz Music Theater" was founded. The aim was to find a suitable location for a new music theater in Linz and to achieve its construction. The reasons for this lay on the one hand in the poor acoustics and visibility for the audience and on the other hand in the illegal working conditions and the uneconomical operation of the state theater.

The choice of location for the new building turned out to be difficult. The first choice fell on the site of today's Ars Electronica Center . After this location had been rejected by political groups, the second choice was the place between the Römerberg Tunnel and the Linz Castle Museum - the “Theater in the Mountain”. The architectural competition announced for this was won by the Viennese architect Otto Häuselmayer. The construction should be completed by 2003 and offer space for 1,100 people. The establishment of the music theater caused a wide variety of opinions and strong discussions in politics - especially on the part of the FPÖ - so that a referendum was held on November 26, 2000. The clear majority of the Upper Austrian population voted against building the music theater, which stopped the planning.

After renewed efforts by the Friends of Linzer Musiktheater association , the Upper Austrian state parliament passed a fundamental decision on the construction of the music theater on July 3, 2003 . On June 29, 2004, after long discussions about the suitable location, the choice fell on Blumauerplatz, which is why the talk was now of the Theater am Park .

The new location hosted another architectural competition, which London architect Terry Pawson won in April 2006 . The request for completion before the 2009 Capital of Culture year could not be achieved by any of the projects submitted. The groundbreaking ceremony took place on March 13, 2008 , when the renovation of Blumauerplatz began. The groundbreaking ceremony at which the construction of the music theater began took place on April 15, 2009. At that time, following a public invitation to tender, the architects' office Architektur Consult was commissioned with the implementation planning together with the architects .

The construction of the music theater was estimated at around 150 million euros , with the city ​​of Linz contributing 36.3 million euros. The opening of the new music theater took place on April 11, 2013. The following day the world premiere of the opera Traces of the Lost by Philip Glass took place. According to the State Audit Office of Upper Austria, the total costs came to 186.4 million euros.

Supporting associations

Friends of Linz Music Theater Association

The association originally founded in 1984 as a citizens' initiative to support a new building for a Linz music theater has more than 6,000 members. President is Peter Rieder. With the start of construction of the music theater, the purpose of the association was fulfilled and therefore a new association statute was drawn up in 2011. Now the association aims to promote, journalistic preparation and dissemination of the ideas of the Linz music theater, to intensify and bind public interest and to deepen the contact with the artists of the Linz music theater.

Association for the promotion of the Linz music theater

This association was founded with the aim of providing financial support for the establishment, operation and cultural program of the Linz Opera House - in particular to establish contacts with sponsors.


The theater in numbers

Details of the property
Outside dimensions north - Blumauerstraße 150 m
External dimensions east - Südtirolerstraße 25 m
External dimensions west - Volksgarten 65 m
External dimensions south - ext. Bahnhofstrasse 251 m
Building site area 13,105 m²
Built-up and built-up areas 10,770 m²
Building parameters
Height (building structure) 26 m
Height (stage tower at its top) 37 m
Bullets 2nd basement, 1st basement, ground floor, 1st floor to 7th floor
number 10 floors
Gross floor area (total) 52,420 m²
Enclosed space (total) 289,860 m³
Total net floor area 43,930 m²
Glass front at the main entrance
width 60 m
height 10 m
Entrance area of ​​the music theater with tram underpass in the construction phase (2011)
View from Blumauerstraße to the Linz Music Theater during the construction phase (2011)

The forecourt

The forecourt area of ​​the music theater stretches along the glass facade, bridging the tram tunnel and at the same time providing space for performances. A sloping staircase connects the theater with the Linz Volksgarten , which is to be upgraded through a redesign. Otmar Stöckl has come up with a number of design proposals, whereby the wishes of the citizens have also been incorporated. In the area of ​​the forecourt, a free, paved area with a café and the possibility for open-air events is to be created. In addition, the currently still recognizable ventilation outlets of the tram tunnel are to be covered as part of the “ Art in Architecture ” project .

The facade

The architect Terry Pawson structured the facade with clear lines and wanted to convey the feeling of a large "curtain" (curtain). This curtain extends around three sides of the house and forms a large gate to the Volksgarten. The architect's original idea was to build red-brown, oxidized steel on the facade, but the decision was made to use light-colored concrete and natural stone as the facade material.

The broken natural stone blocks are fastened by a rail system in the “curtain grid” of the building, whereby this grid also allows certain areas to be left free as windows. In total there are 698 bright, vertical struts made of architectural concrete - called pilaster strips - around the building.

The facade itself consists of a total of four layers:

  1. Load-bearing reinforced concrete and rock wool insulation material
  2. Windproof and diffusion-open film
  3. Architectural concrete pilaster strips made of light-colored, clean prefabricated parts ( white cement ) with a rail or anchor system
  4. Broken natural stone (Roman travertine )

The travertine (natural stone) comes from a quarry near Tivoli , near Rome . There the stones are split and later placed on the facade with their rough broken side facing outwards. Due to the different, non-processed surfaces, the facade ensures a lively, bright and at the same time massive appearance.

Interior design

A large staircase leads from the entrance foyer to the main foyer. This has a height of seven meters and is also used as a break room. In the front area of ​​the theater there is also a restaurant and a café, both of which are to be open all day in the future, so that the theater will also be a public meeting place during the day. The main entrance of the large hall is reached via an entrance on the first floor. In the rear and largest part of the building are all workshops, warehouses and artist areas.

The new theater has a total of the following three stages:

The great hall

Spectator levels in the auditorium
The stage of the auditorium

The main entrance of the Great Hall is at the level of the first tier. The hall can also be reached from the outside via various stairs and elevators. A special feature is that you can use stairs to change levels within the hall without having to leave the hall yourself. These stairs are attached to the side of the walls and are visible from the room. Overall, the great hall has a ground floor , a mezzanine floor , a first and a second tier. It offers space for 970 spectators, but an expansion to 1,130 seats is possible. This is achieved through the seating of the orchestra pit and the side areas of the tiers. In order to achieve perfect viewing and listening conditions and optimal acoustic results and reverberation times for the audience in all tiers , extensive acoustic tests were carried out on a 1:10 scale model.

In order to offer the theater visitors sufficient comfort, the row spacing was measured from 97 cm to 105 cm in the parquet. The armchair width is 59 cm, which corresponds to a seat width of 54 cm. The upholstery of the bright red armchair was covered with the hair of the angora goat . A total of 1,130 armchairs were purchased, 970 of which are permanently installed in the hall and the remainder are intended for any special seating in the orchestra pit. In total, these have a value of 800,000 euros.

Adjacent to the audience area is the orchestra pit with a width of 18 and a depth of 6 meters, which can be expanded on the sides. In total, it offers space for around 100 musicians and has a maximum usable area of ​​around 164 m².

After that there is the stage area, which is 18 meters wide and 17 meters deep. The portal, which is visible to the audience, can be set to a width of 12 to 16 meters, with a rehearsal, side and back stage available for conversions and performances. A transport turntable with a diameter of 32 meters represents the main stage. This in turn is divided into two areas. On one side there is another rotating disc with a diameter of 15 meters. On the other side is a lifting platform landscape with three platforms, each 15 by 4 meters. This enables people to be “sunk”. This complex construction makes it possible to use several sets at the same time.

Patented touchscreen monitors are installed on all seats and on the parapets, which can display the subtitles translated into any language that can be selected. For the first time in the world, the screens have been equipped with innovative functions, which among other things allow access to infotainment services and interactive functions directly via the theater's content management system.

The BlackBox studio stage

The studio stage has the shape of a trapezoid and is located on the first basement floor under the entrance foyer. The room should be designed as a black box and therefore also called that. This enables experimental performances to be performed. The wall that connects the room with the foyer is a sliding folding wall and thus enables a room that can be individually designed. The BlackBox offers space for around 270 people.

The foyer of the BlackBox, the BlackBox Lounge, is not only used as a break room, but also as a performance location, e.g. B. for jazz concerts or smaller musical productions.

The orchestra rehearsal room

The orchestra rehearsal room should give the Bruckner orchestra enough space for rehearsals. At the same time, however, it should also be possible to watch orchestra rehearsals or chamber concerts from time to time. Therefore this hall offers space for a maximum of 200 spectators. The hall is also located on the first basement floor and is 9 meters high. It is protected from acoustic interference from the surrounding area by a highly sound-insulating facing shell . Thanks to the integrated sound studio , CD recordings of the Bruckner Orchestra can be made at any time .


Location of the musical theater

The music theater is located at the southern end of Landstrasse , the main shopping street in the center of Linz, in the Neustadtviertel . The Linz main train station west of the music theater is only a few minutes' walk away. On the forecourt of the theater extends the Linz Volksgarten , which is one of the oldest parks in Linz and, with its 32,000 m², makes up the largest inner-city park in Linz.

The in-house underground car park has space for 300 vehicles.


  • René Freund: Reading tour Linz. Danube, steel and cloud sound. Picus-Verlag, Vienna 2008, ISBN 978-3-85452-943-9 , pp. 65-67.

Web links

Commons : Musiktheater Linz  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Bruckner Orchester Linz: Interview with Philip Glass , January 20, 2012 ( online , accessed January 30, 2012)
  2. The Linz Opera opens 2013 , October 3, 2010 ( online , accessed October 19, 2011)
  3. a b OÖN: The "Theater am Park" - an opportunity for tourism , December 16, 2011 ( online , accessed on January 4, 2012)
  4. ^ Hitler's Capital of Culture , Oberösterreichische Nachrichten, September 13, 2008
  5. a b Association of Friends of the Linzer Musiktheater: The History of the Association of Friends of the Linzer Musiktheater , May 7, 2007 ( online , accessed October 29, 2011)
  6. Theater half am Strom and half in the mountain , November 17, 1998 ( online , accessed October 29, 2011)
  7. ↑ : People's survey on music theater in Linz , October 6, 2010 ( Online ( Memento of the original from March 5, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this note. , accessed on October 29, 2011) @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  8. ^ Upper Austrians vote against a new opera house , November 28, 2000 ( online , accessed October 29, 2011)
  9. Terry Pawson Architects ( Online , accessed November 22, 2011)
  10. ^ ORF Upper Austria: Music theater decision in Linz has been made , April 5, 2006 ( online , accessed October 19, 2011)
  11. ^ Association of Friends of Linz Music Theater: The "small" groundbreaking ceremony , 2008 ( online , accessed October 19, 2011)
  12. ^ Association Friends of Linz Music Theater: The "big" groundbreaking ceremony , 2009 ( online , accessed October 19, 2011)
  13. Neues Musiktheater, project dates in brief, 2009 ( [1] , accessed on August 6, 2012)
  14. Neues Musiktheater ( Online , accessed October 29, 2011)
  15. Oberösterreichische Nachrichten: Musiktheater: Construction costs 186.4 million euros . ( [accessed on January 9, 2017]).
  16. ^ Association of Friends of Linzer Musiktheater: Association of Friends of Linzer Musiktheater , October 23, 2011 ( online , accessed October 29, 2011)
  17. ^ Association Friends of Linz Music Theater: Draft of the association's statutes , December 2011
  18. Musiktheater Linz: Der Kontakt / Freunde und Förderer , 2011 ( Online , accessed October 29, 2011)
  19. a b Facts & Figures , December 2010. In Applaus (pp. 12–13). Linz: Upper Austria. Theater und Orchester GmbH ( Online , accessed November 30, 2011)
  20. a b OÖN: 14 answers to the Linz Music Theater , April 15, 2009 ( online , accessed October 29, 2011)
  21. Musiktheater Linz: The construction of the new opera / urban development impulse , 2011 ( online , accessed December 14, 2011)
  22. a b Redesign and redesign of the Volksgarten , October 3, 2011 ( online , accessed November 19, 2011)
  23. a b c d How a house takes shape. , September 2011. In applause (pp. 8-11). Linz: Upper Austria. Theater und Orchester GmbH ( Online , accessed November 30, 2011)
  24. a b c d e Architecture and Building Forum: An impressive performance , December 12, 2011 ( online , accessed December 26, 2011)
  25. a b c d Musiktheater Linz: The audience area / auditorium , 2011 ( online , accessed October 29, 2011)
  26. a b c Prospect - OETHG magazine for stage and event technology: Neues Musiktheater Linz - The audience area , March 2011 ( online , accessed December 26, 2011)
  27. OÖN: Musiktheater: Even the legs will cheer , December 23, 2011 ( online , accessed January 4, 2012)
  28. a b Musiktheater Linz: The Artist Area / The Stage , 2011 ( Online , accessed October 29, 2011)

Coordinates: 48 ° 17 ′ 41.2 ″  N , 14 ° 17 ′ 38.9 ″  E