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The Nakshatra ( Devanagari : नक्षत्र) are a division of the ecliptic into 27 lunar groups of stars in traditional Indian astronomy and astrology . The simple translation is: star, moon house, planetary constellation that is assigned to one of the moon houses. They roughly correspond to the days of the sidereal month , ie the moon rises in a different nakshatra every day. The twelve of the months of the Hindu lunisolar calendar are named after twelve of the lunar stations.

In Hindu mythology, the 27 Nakshatras are the daughters of Daksha and all were given for marriage to the moon god Chandra (Soma). This one preferred Rohini over everyone else that the others would get jealous and complain to Daksha. When Soma's objection was unsuccessful, he cursed the moon and asked him to march. But then the daughters felt pity and asked for mercy. Daksha could not undo the curse but weaken it so that the moon only wanes for 14 days and then increases again for 14 days.

The system of Nakshatra has already been handed down in full in Yajurveda (approx. 1000 BC) and was widely used in Asia , although it is disputed whether the system was created by the Indians or the Chinese. In contrast, it is clear that the Arabs , even in pre-Islamic times, took over and reorganized the system of lunar houses ( Manazil al-Qamar ).

The position of the moon in the Nakshatra plays an important role in the Indian astrology Jyotish . The sun is not to be regarded as the preferred planet as in western astrology, but the moon ( Chandra ). Its position in the horoscope , which is called Janma Kundali, shows the actual birth star and its associated meanings in this Vedic science.

The 27 Nakshatras

Surname Ruler identification map Localization
1 Ashvini (अश्विनि)
The two horse harness makers
Ashvinau β γ arietis Aries constellation map.png 00AR00-13AR20
2 Bharani (भरणी)
carrying away
Yama 35, 39, 41 Arietis Aries constellation map.png 13AR20-26AR40
3 Krittika (क्रृत्तिका)
Agni Pleiades Taurus constellation map.png 26AR40-10TA00
4th Rohini (रोहिणी)
Prajapati Aldebaran Taurus constellation map.png 10TA00-23TA20
5 Mrigashirsha (म्रृगशीर्षा)
deer head
Soma λ φ Orionis Orion constellation map.svg 23TA40-06GE40
6th Ardra (आर्द्रा)
Rudra Betelgeuse Orion constellation map.svg 06GE40-20GE00
7th Punarvasu (पुनर्वसु)
guessing people
Aditi Castor & Pollux Gemini constellation map.png 20GE00-03CA20
8th Pushya (पुष्य)
Brihaspati γ δ θ Cancri Cancer constellation map.png 03CA20-16CA40
9 Ashlesha (आश्लेषा)
hugging women
Sarpa δ ε η ρ σ Hydrae Hydra constellation map.png 16CA40-30CA500
10 Magha (मघा)
Pitara Regulus Leo constellation map.png 00LE00-13LE20
11 Purva Phalguni (पूर्व फाल्गुनी)
Front light reddish
Bhaga δ θ Leonis Leo constellation map.png 13LE20-26LE40
12 Uttar Phalguni (उत्तर फाल्गुनी)
Rear light reddish
Aryaman Denebola Leo constellation map.png 26LE40-10VI00
13 Hasta (हस्त)
Savitri α to ε Corvi Corvus constellation map.png 10VI00-23VI20
14th Chitra (चित्रा)
Tvashtri Spica Virgo constellation map.png 23VI20-06LI40
15th Svati (स्वाति)
Vayu Arcture Bootes constellation map.png 06LI40-20LI00
16 Vishakha (विशाखा)
Indragni α β γ ι Librae Libra constellation map.png 20LI00-03SC20
17th Anuradha (अनुराधा)
Miter β δ π Scorpionis Scorpius constellation map.png 03SC20-16SC40
18th Jyeshtha (ज्येष्ठा)
main wife
Indra α σ τ Scorpionis Scorpius constellation map.png 16SC40-30SC00
19th Mul (मूल)
Nirriti ε ζ η θ ι κ λ μ ν Scorpionis Scorpius constellation map.png 00SG00-13SG20
20th Purvashadha (पूर्वाषाढ़ा)
Front Invincible
Apas δ ε Sagittarii Sagittarius constellation map.png 13SG20-26SG40
21st Uttarashadha (उत्तराषाढ़ा)
rear invincible
Vishve Devas ζ σ Sagittarii Sagittarius constellation map.png 26SG40-10CP00
22nd Shravan (श्रावण)
Brahma α β γ Aquilae Aquila constellation map.png 10CP00-23CP20
23 Shravishtha (श्रविष्ठा)
most famous
Vasava α to δ Delphinis Delphinus constellation map.png 23CP20-06AQ40
24 Shatabhisha (शतभिषा) a
hundred healers
Varuna γ Aquarii Aquarius constellation map.png 06AQ40-20AQ00
25th Purva Bhadrapada (पूर्व भाद्रपदा)
Front chair feet
Aja Ekapad α β pegasi Pegasus constellation map.png 20AQ00-03PI20
26th Uttar Bhadrapada (उत्तर भाद्रपदा)
Rear chair feet
Ahir Budhnya γ Pegasi & α Andromedae Andromeda constellation map.png 03PI20-16PI40
27 Revati (रेवती)
Pushan ζ Piscium Pisces constellation map.png 16PI40-30PI00