Greifswald fraternity Rugia

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Greifswald fraternity Rugia

coat of arms Circle
Basic data
University location: Greifswald
University / s: University of Greifswald
Founding: April 5, 1856
Corporation association : German fraternity
Cartel / District / AG: Old white cartel
Abbreviation: GB!
Color status : colored
Cap: red cap
Type of Confederation: Men's association
Position to the scale : striking, 3 compulsory grades
Motto: Nunquam retrorsum!

The Greifswald fraternity Rugia is a color-bearing and striking student union founded in 1856 at the University of Greifswald . The fraternity is a member of the controversial corporation Association of German fraternity (DB). Personal overlaps between the Rugia and right-wing extremist organizations were discussed in various media.


The time until 1945

In the winter semester of 1854 a French wreath was founded in Greifswald , which changed its name to the Scientific Association in the summer semester of 1855 . On April 5, 1856, nine members of the Scientific Association founded the Rugia student union with the colors red-white-green. On June 5, 1856, the Rugia was converted into a fraternity.

In the winter semester of 1858, the colors were changed to black, red and gold, and from the winter semester of 1871 they were only worn in red, white and green. On January 24, 1862, the fraternity Germania Greifswald split off from the Rugia. In the summer semester of 1864 Rugia took part in the founding of the Eisenacher Burschenbund, in the winter semester of 1874 the Eisenach Deputy Convent (EDC) and in the summer semester 1881 the General Deputy Convent (ADC) - the later German Burschenschaft (DB). In November 1908 a house at Salinenstrasse 47 was acquired. In 1913/14 Rugia presided as chairwoman of the German fraternity.

In July 1919 Rugia was involved in founding the White Circle in the DB, with which the White Working Group in the DB was founded in May 1922. On June 27, 1925, Rugia played a key role in founding the Old White Cartel. During the time of National Socialism , the Rugia fought against the synchronization of student associations, resigned from the DB in November 1934 and participated in the establishment of the old fraternity , which was in opposition to the then NSDStB (National Socialist German Student Union). In 1936 the Rugia was banned and dissolved.

The time after 1945

In the GDR , which was founded in 1949, student associations were generally prohibited for political reasons, which is why the Rugia association in Greifswald was only able to flourish again after German reunification in 1990.

The Greifswald fraternity Rugia was reconstituted as an old gentlemen's association on June 10, 1950 in Hanover following the ban on re-establishment in the GDR after the Second World War . In May 1951, individual old men from Rugia participated in the founding of the Dresdensia-Rugia fraternity , which was suspended in February 1969 and reconstituted in Giessen on January 22, 1972, together with the Dresden fraternity, which had also been displaced from their homeland .

In December 1989, a Pommerania fraternity was founded in Greifswald, made up of two different student groups. This merged in April 1990 to Pommerania-Rugia and from September 1990 only appears as the Greifswald fraternity Rugia. The old gentlemen's association was newly founded independently of the Dresdensia-Rugia fraternity in Gießen . In the period that followed, a friendly relationship with Dresdensia-Rugia Gießen was maintained. In addition, there is a friendship relationship with the Märker Berlin fraternity . Since the reestablishment of the Leipzig fraternity in Dresden in 2015, Rugia has been in a cartel relationship with them again.

Since May 1994, Rugia has been a member of the right-wing extremist umbrella organization Deutsche Burschenschaft (DB), in which many fraternities in Germany and Austria are organized. In 1997 the Rugia fraternity was suspended due to a lack of members, but reactivated in 1999.

In 2019, the constitution protection of the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania targeted the organization.

Couleur and house

House of GB! Rugia

The colors of the Rugia are red-white-green and correspond to the colors of the Greifswald city ​​arms. A boys' band with these same colors and silver percussion is worn. The fuxia wears the same, as there are no separate fuxes to illustrate the unity of the covenant. The Rugia has its own fraternity house in the city center.

Principles of Rugia

The motto is Nunquam retrorsum , which is run together with the motto of the German fraternity honor, freedom, fatherland . In its basic program, Rugia advocates a “free, equal and undivided German fatherland”. The Rugia is committed to maintaining a free, democratic basic order and demands of its members "unconditional support for personal, intellectual, political and academic freedom". Like other student associations, the Rugia represents the Convention principle, i. This means that all important decisions are voted on democratically.

The fraternity does not accept foreigners or Germans with a migration background.

Political classification

Several members of the fraternity are or were active in various right-wing extremist groups. For example, the brothers Matthias and Stefan Rochow organized numerous events and press campaigns for the Young Country Team East Prussia observed by the Office for the Protection of the Constitution . The NPD politician and Holocaust denier Rigolf Hennig is, in addition to his membership in the Greifswalder Rugia, active in the Pennal fraternity Chattia Friedberg zu Hamburg and in the South Tyrol Liberation Committee, which are classified as right-wing extremists. According to Martin Behrens , as with other fraternities, the impression is growing that they serve as a cadre forge for the NPD and other right-wing extremist groups. The fraternity itself stated the number of federal brothers with NPD party membership in 2006 as “less than five percent”. The commitment to the NPD is a "free expression of opinion".

In the years 2005 to 2009 there were several reports about the various contacts of Rugia in the right-wing extremist scene. Two of the affected members, including Mathias Rochow and Stefan Rochow, left the fraternity in the following years, others like Rigolf Hennig stayed.

The Rugia hosted events with right-wing extremists several times. In 2004 the right-wing extremist Reinhold Oberlercher gave a lecture. A planned lecture by Major General a. D. Gerd Schultze-Rhonhof in November 2005 provoked criticism from parts of the Greifswald student body. At the invitation of the Greifswald fraternity Rugia, Schultze-Rhonhof was to give a lecture on his book "1939 - the war that had many fathers" in the Audimax of the University of Greifswald . However, the permission initially granted by the University Chancellor was revoked by the Rector Rainer Westermann a few hours before the start of the event and therefore had to take place in the Rugia liaison house.

In April 2009 it became known that the CDU local candidate for election in Neubrandenburg, Steffen Bülow, is an old man of the Rugia fraternity. After the local press reported about it and suspected a connection to Bülow's right-wing extremist camp, the CDU announced that it would hold on to Steffen Bülow as a candidate. This admitted to be a member of the Rugia, but according to his own statement not to conform to the right-wing extremist tendencies of other members of the Rugia.

Known members

Felix Martin Oberländer
  • Rudolf Arndt (1835–1900), director of the psychiatric institute in Greifswald.
  • Paul Bergholz (1845–1909), meteorologist, founder of the Meteorological Observatory in Bremen
  • Ehrenfried Boege (1889–1965), General of the Infantry, bearer of the oak leaves for the Knight's Cross
  • Adolf Brieger (1832–1912), high school professor, poet
  • Gustav Bundt (1867–1949), doctor, medical officer and politician (DNVP)
  • Otto Caspari (1841–1917), philosopher
  • Maximilian Curtze (1875–1903), high school professor in Thorn, mathematics historian, Copernicus researcher, translator and editor of numerous mathematical works
  • Otto Fretzdorff (1881–1950), Consistorial President of the Church Province of Saxony in Magdeburg (honorary member)
  • Karl Glässing (1866–1952), Lord Mayor and Honorary Citizen of Wiesbaden
  • Walter Goehtz (1878–1946), mayor of Plathe and Greifenberg i. Pom.
  • Paul Hagemeister (1868–1941), politician (DDP), first mayor in Suhl, regional president, member of the Prussian House of Representatives, member of the Prussian state constituent assembly
  • Rigolf Hennig (* 1935), right-wing extremist publicist, Holocaust denier and politician (NPD)
  • Ernst Hilzheimer (1901–1986), co-founder of the LDPD in Mecklenburg, honorary citizen of Rostock
  • Carl William Klawitter (1856–1929), Danzig shipyard entrepreneur (honorary member)
  • Enrico Komning (* 1968), lawyer and politician (AfD), member of the state parliament, member of the Bundestag
  • Alwin Knapp (1918–1995), dermatologist, head of the University Dermatology Clinic in Greifswald, promoter of PKU screening in the GDR
  • Constantin Krauss (1864–1928), chemist and industrialist
  • Heinrich Kreplin (1834–1909), founding member, geodetic engineer and cartographer
  • Ferdinand Krüger (1843–1915), Westphalian dialect poet
  • Gustav Kühn (1840–1892), head of the agricultural research station in Möckern, an important agricultural scientist
  • Herbert Lange (1909–1945), SS Sturmbannführer
  • Klaus Lankheit (1913–1992), professor of art history, important Franz Marc expert
  • Hugo Lemcke (1835–1925), high school professor and school director, secret councilor, antiquarian in Stettin, chairman of the Society for Pomeranian History and Archeology
  • Karl Michel (1843–1930), ear, nose and throat specialist, actor and writer
  • Wilhelm Moldenhauer (1845–1898), university professor in Leipzig
  • Felix Oberländer (1851–1915), professor at the TU Dresden, founder of modern urology
  • Carl Pauli (1839–1901), important researcher of the Etruscan language
  • Mathias Rochow (* 1975), former German politician (NPD) (excluded)
  • Bernhard Sprickmann Kerkerinck (1837–1915), honorary citizen of the city of Emmerich am Rhein
  • Otto Wenzel (1840–1929), journalist, cooperative director, founding member of the Reich Association of the German Press
  • Richard Werth (1850–1918), professor of gynecology at the University of Kiel, role model of Professor Gervasius in the novel Only Who Knows Longing by Ida Boy-Ed
  • Eduard Wrobel (1851–1931), royal high school director in Rostock and mathematician
  • Wilhelm Zahn (1848–1911), pastor and archaeologist for the Altmark

Membership directory :

  • Willy Nolte (Ed.): Burschenschafter Stammrolle. List of the members of the German Burschenschaft according to the status of the summer semester 1934. Berlin 1934. P. 1040.


  • AHV Rugia: Rugia album and regular roll of the Greifswald fraternity Rugia 1856-1936. Greifswald 2006.
  • Hans-Georg Balder: The German (n) Burschenschaft (en) - Your representation in individual chronicles. Hilden 2005, pp. 189-191.
  • German Burschenschaft: Handbook of the German Burschenschaft. Various years.
  • Paul Macdonald (Ed.): History of the Greifswald fraternity Rugia. Giessen 1981.
  • Elmar Möllers: Festschrift for the 120th foundation festival of the Greifswald fraternity Rugia. Essen 1976.
  • Ostsee-Zeitung: Greifswald fraternity Rugia was 145 years old. In: Ostsee-Zeitung. Vol. 49 (2001), 125, p. 14.
  • Fritz Polikowski: Nunquam retrorsum! for the 110th foundation festival of the Greifswald fraternity Rugia. Wuppertal 1966.
  • Friedrich Schmeling: The Greifswald fraternity Rugia. In: Pomerania. ISSN  0032-4167 , Vol. 7 (1969), 3, pp. 6-7.
  • Jens Carsten Claus: The members of the Greifswald fraternity Rugia 1856–1944 . In: Helma Brunck, Harald Lönnecker , Klaus Oldenhage (eds.): "... a big whole ... even if different in its parts". Contributions to the history of the fraternity (representations and sources on the history of the German unity movement in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, volume 19). Winter, Heidelberg 2012. ISBN 978-3-8253-5961-4 . Pp. 429-515.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Meyers Konversationslexikon . 5th edition, Leipzig 1896, supplement to the article student associations .
  2. a b Verfassungsschutz looks at fraternities. (No longer available online.) NDR, April 24, 2019, archived from the original on July 23, 2019 ; accessed on May 27, 2020 .
  3. ^ EH Eberhard: Handbook of the student liaison system. Leipzig, 1924/25, p. 54.
  4. ^ Leaflet of the Junge Landsmannschaft Ostpreußen from January 15, 2005 with the address of Mathias Rochow at the time, the address of the Rugia Greifswald fraternity ( Memento from July 16, 2003 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 413 kB)
  5. ^ The Germanic student. In: January 18, 2006, accessed September 14, 2016 .
  6. "Stramme Burschen", Frankfurter Rundschau, March 15, 2005
  7. ^ "Links with Right", Ostseezeitung, article from March 30, 2006
  8. ^ "Germany above everything! Fraternities today" Deutschlandfunk, broadcast on February 5, 2008
  9. Hamburg connections: Constitutional protectors observe student fraternity. In: Spiegel Online . June 10, 2013, accessed September 7, 2016 .
  10. ^ Semester program of the Rugia Greifswald fraternity, WS 2004/2005
  11. Likedeeler special edition spring 2006 (PDF; 140 kB)
  12. ^ "State guards cast shadows on Rugia", Ostseezeitung, article from November 25, 05
  13. ^ "CDU stands behind Bülow", Nordkurier, article from April 9, 2009
  14. ^ Anton Maegerle: "Völkische Männerbünde", look to the right, issue 03/2006
  15. Gabriele Nandlinger: "Ehre, Freiheit, Vaterland!", Federal Agency for Civic Education, April 23, 2007