Nasal septum

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Bony and cartilaginous parts of the nasal septum, without nasal mucosa, sagittal plane , view of the right side.
Sagital section 1: Paraseptal cartilage, (Cartilago paraseptalis); 2: Opening to Jacobson's organ, in which a probe was advanced ; 3: tuberculum septi nasi; 4: Nasopalatine duct (Stenson's duct); 5: Mouth of the sphenoid sinus (sinus sphenoidalis) in the recessus sphenoethmoidalis 6: Sinus frontalis .
Opposite the nasal septum , i.e. laterally from it , there are further structures of the nasal cavity, also in the sagittal plane.

The nasal septum ( Latin septum nasi , German often also nasal septum ) is the middle partition of the nose . It consists of the membranous pars membranacea , the nasal septum cartilage ( Cartilago septi nasi ), an upper bony part of the ethmoid bone ( Lamina perpendicularis ossis ethmoidalis ) and a lower bony part, the ploughshare bone ( vomer ). In the anterior area of ​​the nasal septum there is a network of blood vessels, the Kiesselbachi locus .

The nasal septum delimits the two nasal cavities . It is located in a bony guide groove in the upper jaw median in the nasal cavity and can deviate more or less from the midline. Due to its anatomical structure, the nasal septum, together with the nasal walls on the side and the two main nasal cavities, ensure optimal air circulation. In addition, the bony part of the nasal septum ensures a stable nasal framework and thus prevents the cartilaginous structures from collapsing. In the area of ​​the transition between nasal cartilage and ploughshare, the nasal septum is thickened, which can lead to an obstruction of nasal breathing, especially in adults.


If there is bleeding into the nasal septum, e.g. B. as a result of a nasal bone fracture, a septal hematoma forms . If you hit the nose, the cartilaginous part of the nasal septum can slide out of its bony guide groove (subluxation).

Doyle Splint with Airway, which was used in place of a tamponage after correcting a septal deviation. The sapwood is very soft and pliable; it can therefore be removed quickly and almost painlessly.

A deviation from the midline (lateral displacement, deformation) is known as a septal deviation (curvature of the nasal septum). It occurs in a large number of people and usually leads to asymmetrical flow conditions in both halves of the nose when inhaling and to noises when exhaling. This may mean that nasal breathing is obstructed and, depending on the location, can cause or massively increase snoring. A surgical correction is uncomplicated.


It is called septoplasty or septum resection in ENT medical terminology . The procedure takes place through the nostrils. The wrongly positioned cartilage or bone of the nasal septum is straightened and placed in the middle, working under the nasal mucosa. In most cases, the operation is performed under general anesthesia. It can also be done under local anesthesia. After the procedure, tamponade is placed in both nasal passages to stop the bleeding and fix the nasal septum in the middle. This will be renewed or removed by the doctor after a few days.


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