Upper Harz Mining Museum
Upper Harz Mining Museum
Harz World Heritage Foundation
The Upper Harz Mining Museum is a museum for technology and cultural history in Clausthal-Zellerfeld . It is one of the oldest technology museums in Germany and focuses on the representation of the Upper Harz mining industry up to the 19th century.
The museum is located in the center of the Zellerfeld district . Among other things, you can see:
- Teaching models from the mountain school collection. These were created for training purposes in the 18th and 19th centuries and are still used today to explain the arts , especially driving and other mining techniques.
- Show mine with visitor tunnel, created from original machines and structures from a Bockswies mine.
- Outdoor area with Pferdegaipel , Radstube , art boom , stamp mill (all dislocated from the original premises)
- Explanations of the Upper Harz water shelf
- Manufacture of the oldest wire ropes , which were invented by Julius Albert in Clausthal-Zellerfeld in 1834 .
- Coins: Coin minting had a special meaning in one of the most important silver mining areas in Germany; In Zellerfeld there was a mint from 1601 to 1789 .
- Minerals, tools and miner's lamps .
- Typical living spaces from the living and working world of the Upper Harz population. One exhibition room is dedicated to Robert Koch , who was born in Clausthal and grew up there.
- Film showing with original recordings from the Silbersegen shaft and the Kaiser Wilhelm shaft from 1924 as well as a collection of early photographs of the mining industry, including by Friedrich Zirkler .
The history of the mining museum began in 1884, when the then mining captain Adolf Achenbach issued a directive calling on the miners to bring special disused equipment from historical mining to a collection to set up a museum. In 1892 it was officially founded as a museum for the Zellerfeld district .
After the merger of the previously independent towns of Zellerfeld and Clausthal to form the twin town of Clausthal-Zellerfeld in 1924, the vacated Zellerfeld town hall was relocated and the museum reopened on October 8, 1928 on the occasion of the 58th general meeting of the Harz Association for History and Archeology . In the following years, the outdoor area with the show mine was also built.
In the 1960s and 1970s, the museum was headed by Herbert Dennert . In these times until the end of the 1980s, the mining museum had six-digit annual visitor numbers. From around 1990 the number of visitors fell significantly for various reasons (e.g. declining tourism in the Upper Harz, but also significantly more competition from other mining museums in the Harz). Nevertheless, 5.5 million people have visited the Upper Harz Mining Museum to date.
The mining and university town of Clausthal-Zellerfeld owns the Upper Harz Mining Museum . The sponsor is the Upper Harz History and Museum Association, which has ceded the operation of the museum to the Rammelsberg Mine Foundation, Old Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management since 2013. Deficits are covered by the city, the district and, on a small scale, by the foundation.
As a branch, the museum operates the above-ground pits of the disused mines Ottiliae-Schacht and Kaiser-Wilhelm-Schacht as well as recently uncovered parts of the facility (round wheel room and others) of the Rosenhof mine .
The museum also lends an electronic guidance system "E.guide EMIL", which points out and explains the traces of the miners on a walk through disused mining landscapes .
The museum has had the Registered Museum seal of approval since 2009 . This award documents that the standards of a qualified museum with the tasks of collecting, preserving, researching, documenting, exhibiting and mediating are met with qualified personnel. In 2019 the museum was awarded the museum seal of approval from the Museumsverband Niedersachsen und Bremen eV.
- Helmut Radday: The Upper Harz Mining Museum Clausthal-Zellerfeld. Guide through the museum with an outline of the cultural and technical history of the Upper Harz , 2nd revised. and exp. Edition - Upper Harz History and Museum Association, Clausthal-Zellerfeld 2002
- Helmut Radday: Adolf Achenbach and Dr.-Ing. Wilhelm Bornhard , in: Our Harz, magazine for local history, customs and nature, No. 6/2009, Verlag Fischer & Thielbar, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, 2009
- e.guide EMIL - the electronic guidance system ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Museum Association for Lower Saxony and Bremen e. V .: registered museums 2009–2016
- Nine museums awarded a seal of approval by ndr.de on February 6, 2019