Chairman (administration)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A chairmanship is a historical administrative unit in old Bavaria . These were dissolved in 1802. They were followed by the tax districts and, through the municipal edict (1818), the municipalities as the lowest administrative unit.


Duke Ludwig the Rich of Bavaria-Landshut first introduced the chairmanship in 1464 as the smallest administrative unit in the rural area of ​​his duchy. Only the area outside of the truce of markets and cities was divided into chairpersons.

The chairpersons consisted of several localities such as villages , hamlets and wastelands , sometimes just a single village. The localities belonging to Hofmarken were also assigned chairmen. The chairpersons were mostly based on parish districts and were in particular responsible for tax purposes , flocks , military services, the organization of the military contingent and transport and tensioning services in the event of war.

Initially, the chairpersons were named after their respective chairperson , but in 1532 they were named after locations. By the 18th century at the latest, the chairmen were each headed by two chairmen. Joseph von Hazzi wrote about this in 1801: Every village with the surrounding wastelands has its own head or chairman, where two always present the chairmen.

The next higher administrative unit was the office (also called the henchman's office). The henchman's office was headed by the henchman or bailiff . The district court, in turn, stood above the office . The number of chairmen has not been constant over the centuries. Neighboring chairpersons were often merged, such as B. in the 16th century Günzkofen with Frichlkofen zu Günz and Fruchtchlkofen .


See also

Individual evidence

  1. a b Kraus, Andreas History of Bavaria - From the Beginnings to the Present, Verlag Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09398-1 , page 421
  2. Joseph von Hazzi: Statistical information about the Duchy of Baiern, drawn from genuine sources. A general contribution to the country u. Human studies. First volume. Nuremberg 1801, p. 221