Odo Poilechien

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Odo Poilechien (also Eudes ; † after 1286) was a governor of the Anjou rule in the Kingdom of Jerusalem .

He was a French nobleman and a nephew of Pope Martin IV.

Odo Poilechien came as early as 1277 in the entourage of Bailli Roger from San Severino to Acre and there, as Seneschal, took over command of the French regiment, which supported Charles of Anjou's claim to the crown of Jerusalem. The Anjou rule was thus isolated from the two remaining baronies of Jerusalem, Tire and Beirut , which recognized the king of Cyprus as the rightful king of Jerusalem. The Anjou rule was only supported by the Templars and the Venetians . At the end of 1277 he married Luica von Chenechy, the widow of Baron Balian von Ibelin-Arsuf .

After the outbreak of the Sicilian Vespers , Roger of San Severino was ordered back to Sicily at the end of 1282 and Odo took over the office of ruling Bailli in Acre. In 1283 he received an offer from Sultan Qalawun to extend the armistice from 1273 to a further ten years. He accepted this, but had the Acre Commune and the Templars sign the contract. The treaty confirmed the Christians ownership of the land from the Tyrian head to Mount Carmel , including the Templar fortresses Burg Pèlerin and Sidon , as well as free access for Christian pilgrims in Nazareth . Tire and Beirut were excluded from the treaty, but their masters concluded separate agreements with the Sultan.

In the following year, King Hugo III. of Cyprus attempted to regain Acre, but was inadequately supported by his Cypriot vassals and died in Tire in March 1284. In 1285 Charles of Anjou died and his son Charles II succeeded him as King of Sicily-Naples and Jerusalem. However, the collapse of Angevin power in Italy also reached Acre. On June 4, 1286, King Henry II of Cyprus landed unhindered in front of the city, and after the Knights Templar had fallen away from the Anjou, Odo and the French regiment entrenched himself in the city fort. Before there was a fight, Odo could be moved by the grandmasters of the three knightly orders to give up and to withdraw to Italy. This ended the rule of the Anjou in the holy land.


  • Paul Crawford: The "Templar of Tire". Part III of the "Deeds of the Cypriots" (= Crusade Texts in Translation . 6). Ashgate Publishing, Aldershot et al. a. 2003, ISBN 1-84014-618-4 .
  • Steven Runciman : History of the Crusades (= dtv. 4670). 3. Edition. Deutscher Taschenbuch-Verlag, Munich 2001, ISBN 3-423-30175-9 .
  • Kenneth M. Setton, Harry W. Hazard, Norman P. Zacour, Marshall Whithed Baldwin, Robert Lee Wolff (Eds.): A History of the Crusades. Volume 2: Robert Lee Wolff, Harry W. Hazard (Eds.): The Later Crusades, 1189-1311. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison WI et al. 2005, ISBN 0-299-04844-6 .

Individual evidence

  1. a b Cf. Balian Ibelin at fmg.ac
  2. L'Estoire de Eracles empereur. In: Recueil des historiens des croisades . Historiens Occidentaux. Volume 2. Imprimerie Impériale, Paris 1859, p. 479 , Liv. XXXII, cap. III.
predecessor Office successor
Jean de Grailly Seneschal of Jerusalem
Baldwin of Ibelin
Roger of San Severino Bailli of Jerusalem (Acre)
Baldwin of Ibelin