His parents were both for the Liberal Party in Parliament, his paternal grandfather, Walter Runciman, 1st Baron Runciman , was a major shipowner. He received his education in Eton , at the same time as George Orwell , who became a close friend. In 1921 he began studying history at Trinity College (Cambridge) .
His work on the Byzantine Empire made him a Fellow of Trinity College in 1927 . He inherited a substantial fortune from his grandfather, after which he resigned as a fellow in 1938. From 1942 to 1945 he was Professor of Byzantine Art and History at Istanbul University , where he began his research on the Crusades . The result, A History of the Crusades ( History of the Crusades ), is his most famous work. It appeared in three volumes in 1951, 1952 and 1954.
Runciman was an old-style scholar who was not interested in using newer methodological approaches. In his private life he was known as an eccentric , an esthete, anecdote-teller, adherent of the occult and friend of aristocrats and politicians in many countries.
The Runciman Award is named in his honor .
Fonts (in selection)
- The Emperor Romanus Lecapenus and his reign. A study of 10th century Byzantium. University Press, Cambridge 1929.
- A history of the first Bulgarian Empire . Bell, London 1930.
- A history of the crusades. 3 parts. University Press, Cambridge 1951-1954.
The Medieval Manichee: A Study of the Christian Dualist Heresy. University Press, Cambridge 1955.
- German: heresy and Christianity. Medieval Manichaeism. Fink, Munich 1988, ISBN 3-7705-2498-5 .
Byzantine Civilization. Meridian Books, New York 1956.
- German: Byzantium. From the foundation to the fall of Constantinople (= Kindlers Kulturgeschichte , Volume 8), translated by Heinrich Wolfart. Kindler, Munich 1969; published as paperback by dtv, Munich 1983
The Sicilian Vespers. A history of the Mediterranean world in the later thirteenth century. University Press, Cambridge 1958
- German: The Sicilian Vespers. A history of the Mediterranean world at the end of the thirteenth century. , translated by Peter de Mendelssohn, Beck, Munich 1959, ISBN 3-406-06458-2
- The fall of Constantinople 1453. University Press, Cambridge 1965.
The Great Church in captivity: A study of the Patriarchate of Constantinople from the eve of the Turkish conquest to the Greek war of independence. University Press, Cambridge 1968, ISBN 0-521-07188-7 .
- German: The Patriarchate of Constantinople from the eve of the Turkish conquest to the Greek war of independence. , translated by Peter de Mendelssohn, Beck, Munich 1970, ISBN 3-406-03332-6 .
- Cyril Mango : Sir Steven Runciman, July 7, 1903 - November 1, 2000. In: Byzantinische Zeitschrift , Vol. 94 (2001), pp. 911-912.
- Minoo Dinshaw: Outlandish Knight: The Bycantine Life of Steven Runciman . Allen Lane, 2016
- Anthony Bryer: James Cochran Stevenson Runciman, 1903-2000 . In: Proceedings of the British Academy . tape 120 , 2003, p. 365-381 ( thebritishacademy.ac.uk [PDF]).
- Literature by and about Steven Runciman in the catalog of the German National Library
- Runciman, Steven . Publications in the bibliographic database of the Regesta Imperii .
- Obituaries (English) ( Memento of 21 April 2003 at the Internet Archive )
- Knights and Dames at Leigh Rayment's Peerage
- Member History: Sir Steven Runciman. American Philosophical Society, accessed January 26, 2019 .
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Runciman, Sir James Cochran Stevenson (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||British historian|
|DATE OF BIRTH||July 7, 1903|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Northumberland|
|DATE OF DEATH||November 1, 2000|
|Place of death||Radway, Warwickshire|