Oriana (ship, 1896)
The Oriana was a steam yacht built in 1896 and converted into an experimental fishing ship in 1946. With it the foundations for the construction of rear catchers were laid.
The ship was built in 1896 at the shipyard Charles Connell & Company in Scotstoun as the steam yacht Oriana for the CEO of the British shipping company Allan Line . During the First World War, the vehicle was chartered by the Royal Navy and used from September 22, 1914 to November 29, 1917 on the Firth of Clyde from Campbeltown, Rothesay, Ormidale and Gourock as an auxiliary guard. In December 1915, the ship was renamed Oriana II . During the Second World War, the ship was laid up in a shipyard in Holy Loch from 1939.
Use as a fishing ship
In 1946, a consortium bought the ship for £ 1,200 and had it converted into an experimental stern catcher with a stern towing device and gear . The converted ship was then used for extensive test drives and trials from Ailsa Craig to the Mull of Kintyre . By successfully completing the results encouraged the consortium acquired the 5000 for £ launched minesweeper HMS Felicity and made him the first commercially used bagging Fair Free rebuild.
As early as the 1950s, the stern catcher was becoming more and more popular as the standard design in fishing shipbuilding.
- Lloyd's Register : Register of Ships 1956-57. London, 1956
- Bold Experiments which led to Pioneer Venture - Outcome of Six Years Effort in The Glasgow Herald on May 1, 1954 (English)
- Conrad Birkhoff: The Stern Trawler a Decade's Development in Trawl Handling. In: Modern Fishing Gear of the World 2. Fishing News (Books) Limited, London 1964, pp. 146-152, (English, available at archive.org ).
- The Single-Screw Motor-Driven Trawler "Fairtry". In: The Shipbuilder and Marine Engine-Builder. Vol. 61, No. 555, September 1954, , pp. 541-544.
- Entry at naval-history.net (English, accessed on July 11, 2018)
- Captain WL Hume: BST - FAIRFREE GW 19 / LH 271. (English) ( Memento from March 26, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
- Arnold Kludas (Ed.): Rickmers. 1834-1984. 150 years of shipbuilding and shipping = 150 years of Rickmers. Koehlers Verlagsgesellschaft, Herford 1984, ISBN 3-7822-0343-7 , p. 64.
- August Dierks : From the past and present of deep sea fishing. In: Paul Schroedter, Gustav Schroedter (Ed.): 100 years of shipping. Shipbuilding, ports. Schiffahrts-Verlag "Hansa" C. Schroedter & Co., Hamburg 1964, pp. 203–208, here p. 206.