Otto Grunert

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Otto Georg Erdmann Grunert (born January 22, 1845 in Magdeburg ; † April 29, 1903 ) was a German dentist , paleontologist and author of scientific publications.



Grunert graduated from the Realgymnasium in Magdeburg and then began an apprenticeship as a dental technician , which was followed in 1868 by studying dentistry at the University of Berlin . He also studied natural sciences for five semesters in Berlin and Erlangen , with Hans Lenk and Eilhard Wiedemann , among others . His studies were interrupted by military service in the German War of 1866 and the Franco-German War of 1870/71 .


From 1873 Grunert worked as a dentist in various studios in Berlin. He later went to the USA and completed another course of study at the Pennsylvania Dental College between 1882 and 1883 , which he obtained with the Dr. chir. dent. completed. In 1896 Grunert was appointed court dentist by Friedrich II of Anhalt .

He published a number of dental and human medical publications, for example on obturators ( prostheses for patients with cleft lip and palate ), the effects of diabetes mellitus on the oral cavity or local anesthesia for tooth extractions .

Work as a paleontologist

As a paleontologist to Grunert 1898 made his dissertation for Dr. phil. at the Philosophical Faculty in Erlangen and was the first scientist to present a monograph on the scaphopods and gastropods of the Germanic Triassic of the Central European basin . His doctoral supervisor was Hans Lenk , who had worked there since 1895 . Was a professor and founded the Geological-Mineralogical Institute. For the dissertation, he examined all of the previously described and accessible original material of the east-west extension of the Central European basin (from Upper Silesia via Rüdersdorf , Thuringia, Franconia, Swabia, Württemberg, Baden and the Eifel to Lorraine), and prepared one for each individual species extensive synonym list, described them and depicted all species on boards. In addition to various private collections, he examined the collections of the Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen and the Bergakademie Berlin and was in contact with influential colleagues such as Ernst Koken in Tübingen, as well as Eberhard Fraas and Adolf von Koenen .

Grunert's work is one of the few classic standard works on the Triassic gastropods of the Central European basin , along with Edmund Picard's dissertation , which was written in 1902 and which incorporated Grunert's writing into its processing. With the adoption of various illustrations and information, it has also found its way into the standard work of the Triassic by the German paleontologist and geologist Martin Schmidt . While Grunert, Koken, Picard and others dealt with the Germanic Triassic , fundamental work on gastropods in the Alpine Triassic was done by the Austrian scientist Ernst Kittl .

Death and grave

Otto Grunert died in 1903 at the age of 58. He found his final resting place after being reburied in the south-west cemetery in Stahnsdorf near Berlin. His grave there has been preserved.


  • : Max Schreiber shown generally understood the influence decayed teeth to the stomach and respiratory tract . In: Zahnärztliche Rundschau. Berlin 1894.
  • About obturators . Wilhelm Greve, Berlin 1894 (Reprint from Julius Scheff (Ed.): Handbuch der Zahnheilkunde. Volume 3, Hölder, Vienna 1893, pp. 346–371, archive )
  • Via general and local anesthesia for the purpose of painless tooth extraction . Berlin 1895.
  • About symptoms in the oral cavity in diabetes. Therapeutic hints for diabetics . Berliner Verlagsanstalt, Berlin 1899, archive
  • with Carl Birkenthal and Max Schreiber: Symptoms of diabetes, rachitis, tuberculosis and syphilis hereditaria. Influence on the stomach and airways . Berlinische Verlagsanstalt, Berlin 1899.
  • About dome fillings and full amalgam crowns . In: Adolph Witzel: The crown replacement made of amalgam . Berlin 1903.
  • German monthly for dentistry. 1901.
  • Handbook of Dentistry , Volume 2.Holder, 1904

References and comments

  1. ^ Hans-Jürgen Mende: Lexicon of Berlin tombs . Haude & Spener, Berlin 2006. p. 469.
  2. ^ Adolf Petermann: Dental Almanac. Johannes Alt publishing house, Frankfurt am Main 1885.
  3. correspondence sheet for dentists . Volume 25, page 94. Published by C. Ash & Sons. 1896 Internet Archive
  4. The Scaphopods and Gastropods of the German Triassic. Inaugural dissertation to obtain a doctorate from the high philosophical faculty of the royal Bavarians. Friedrich-Alexanders-University Erlangen. A. Vollrath, Archives . With Vita
  5. Odontological sheets. Volume 4, 1900, p. 314 [1]
  6. ^ Geologica Bavarica. Issues 70-72, Bayerisches Geologisches Landesamt., 1974, p. 156 [2]
  7. Museum Terra Triassica - Scientists (relevance Triassic)
  8. Martin Schmidt: Die Lebewelt our Trias , Hohenlohe'sche Buchhandlung, Ferdinand Rau, Öhringen 1928
  9. Ernst Kittl: The gastropods of the layers of St. Cassian of the southern Alpine Triassic, Annals of the KK Naturhistorisches Hofmuseum, Part 1: Volume 6, Issue 2, 1891, pp. 166–262, 7 plates, 10 figs., Part 2: Volume 7, 1892, volume 1 and 2, pp. 98–160, 5 plates, part 3: Volume 9, 1894, pp. 162-277, 9 plates, Alfred Hölder, Vienna, volume 1 , volume 2 , Volume 3
  10. ^ Hans-Jürgen Mende: Lexicon of Berlin tombs . Haude & Spener, Berlin 2006. p. 469.