Polski Fiat 125p
|Sales designation:||FSO 1300, FSO 1500|
|Production period:||11 / 1967-06 / 1991|
|Class :||Middle class|
|Body versions :||Limousine , station wagon , pickup|
Petrol engines : 1.3–1.5 liters
|Wheelbase :||2505 mm|
|Empty weight :||970 kg|
The Polski Fiat 125p was a middle class car from the Polish manufacturer FSO from Warsaw . As a license replica of the Fiat 125 , it was sold under the Polski Fiat brand . After the license agreement expired at the end of 1982, it was sold from 1983 under the brand name FSO as FSO 125p or FSO 1300 or FSO 1500 (depending on the engine).
After the previously manufactured Syrena and Warszawa vehicles were technically obsolete, FSO decided to start working with Fiat again, as it did before the war. A license agreement was signed with Fiat on December 22, 1965.
The 125p was a combination of two Fiat constructions. The engine came from the Fiat 1300/1500 , body and chassis from the 125. Details such as the headlights were modified and the model range was significantly expanded. Production of the 125p began in 1967 with the 1.3-liter engine. The 1.5-liter engine followed in 1968. The production was technically and financially a major challenge for FSO and its suppliers.
From 1978 the FSO Polonez was manufactured parallel to the 125p . This was based on the Fiat platform with a new hatchback body and was sold under its own brand FSO. It was in production in various model generations until 2001. The Polonez was not introduced into the GDR.
As a middle class car, it competed with the Soviet Ladas and Moskvichs, which were upscale by socialist standards . In the GDR and other socialist countries the 125p could be seen as a status symbol. The price in the GDR was 22,000 marks for the 1300 and 23,500 marks for the 1500 (1973). The problem with the 125p, however, was that it required a higher octane fuel, which wasn't available at every gas station. The quality of the car was also not the best: Poor workmanship and high susceptibility to rust caused problems for new buyers after just a few years. With the increasing supply of Schigulis , the supply of the 125p for the GDR dried up completely at the end of the 1970s. A combination variant was not offered in the GDR.
According to its name, the 125p was a license replica of the Fiat 125 , which it looked like from the outside. The chassis of both types was the Fiat 1300 / 1500 taken over, but the Fiat had a modern engine with five crankshaft bearings and overhead camshafts. The 125p was also offered as a station wagon and pickup , in contrast to the Fiat 125, which was only available as a sedan .
Two engines were available for the 125p, both four-stroke inline four-cylinder engines with side camshafts and three crankshaft bearings. The smaller one with 1295 cm³ (FSO 1300) first developed 40 kW (54 PS ), later then 44 kW (60 PS), the larger one with 1481 cm³ (FSO 1500) developed 55 kW (75 PS).
- Polski Fiat 125p - Polish site about the Fiat 125p: history, brochures, photos
- Werner Oswald: Motor vehicles of the GDR. 2nd edition, 2000.