|Preiļi ( German : Prely)|
|Landscape:||Latgale ( Latvian : Latgale )|
|Administrative district :||Price novads|
|Coordinates :||56 ° 18 ' N , 26 ° 43' E|
|Residents :||7,074 (Jan 1, 2016)|
|Area :||5.1 km²|
|Population density :||1,387 inhabitants per km²|
|City law:||since 1928|
Preiļi (German Prely ) is a town in Latgale , Latvia , 204 kilometers southeast of Riga and 55 kilometers north of Daugavpils . It is the capital of the district named after it ( Latvian : Preiļu novads ). The Preiļupe flows through the city. In 2016, Preiļi had 7074 inhabitants.
Latgalian settlements were located here. The place was first mentioned in writing in 1250.
In 1897 the place had 2,104 inhabitants. Because of the First World War and migration, the population decreased to 1662 by 1935, with 51% Jews.
After the Second World War , there was an expansion through the establishment of industry and recruitment from other Soviet republics. In 1991 there were 9,421 registered residents. The population in 1999 was made up of the following groups: Latvians (54.4%); Russians (39.6%); Poland (1.9%); Belarusians (1.5%); Gypsies (1.2%).
After an administrative reform in 2009, the city and four rural communities formed a district (novads). In 2010 there were 11,764 inhabitants here.
- Julijans Vaivods (1895–1990), Apostolic Administrator of Riga
- Andreas Jawlensky (1902–1984), painter
- Jānis Ivanovs (1906–1983), composer
- Kristiāns Pelšs (1992-2013), ice hockey player
- Astrīda Iltnere (ed.): Latvijas Pagasti, Enciklopēdija. Preses Nams, Riga 2002, ISBN 9984-00-436-8 .