|Height :||72 m|
|Residents :||41,587 (2001)|
Rajgir ( Hindi : राजगीर , Rājagīr ) is a city in the Nalanda district in the south of the Indian state of Bihar . It has around 42,000 inhabitants (2011 census). In ancient India , the place was known as Rajagriha ( Sanskrit : राजगृह , Rājagṛha ; Pali : Rājagaha ).
Rajagriha was originally the village of Girivraja (Pali: Giribbaja ). King Bimbisara of Magadha built it in the 5th century BC. Chr. To an important metropolis and made it his capital. The Buddha Siddhartha Gautama , who was on friendly terms with Bimbisara, stayed there repeatedly. The first Buddhist council took place in Rajagriha under Bimbisara's son and successor Ajatasattu . After Ajatasattu's death, Pataliputra replaced Rajagriha as the capital.
The city appears several times in Buddhist literature. The Pali Canon describes the Geierberg as the meditation site of the historical Buddha and as a place where Sariputta , a main disciple of the Buddha, gave numerous teachings. The Mahayana According -Tradition revealed Avalokiteshvara , the Bodhisattva of universal compassion, on the Geiersberg the literary significant Heart Sutra .
- Jugal Kishore Bauddh: Rajagraha: the historic capital of Magadha . Illustrations: Shanti Swarooop Bauddh. New Delhi: Samyak Prakashan 2005.
- Bimala Churn Law: Rājagṛiha in ancient literature . Delhi: Swati 1991.
- University of Adelaide Library's collection: Rajagriha, New And Old. Legends And Incidents Connected With It. By Faxian