The word roadstead goes back to the rēde or reide ("anchorage"), which was adopted in the written German language from Middle Low German in the 17th century . Compare with the Dutch ree (older form: reede ) and the Swedish redd . The further origin of the name of the anchorage is unclear. On the one hand, roadstead in the sense of “place where the ships are equipped” can belong to the clan of the Middle Low German [ge] rēde or rēden for “ready, prepare, [equip]”. On the other hand, roadstead in the sense of “place where ships ride the waves in front of the harbor” can belong to the verb ride .
Roads on rivers (for example the Rhine ) are located above or below certain port entrances, sometimes up to 5 km away. Ships wait here to enter the port , canal or river. Other ships are emptied here (their cargo transferred to smaller ships). In some cases, e.g. B. during an economic crisis , but they also wait indefinitely for roadstead for cargo or orders. Then there is only a reduced crew on board, which maintains an emergency operation in order to keep the ship in readiness for navigation.
According to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, Art. 12, roads that lie outside the territorial waters can be included in them. This is the case in German waters at the Tiefwasserreede around 30 kilometers west of Helgoland, where the lightship Amrumbank was previously located, although this area is already outside the 12-mile zone (territorial sea).
- DUDEN, Volume 7, Dictionary of Origin. The Etymology of the German Language, Mannheim 1963