Reichs Luftschutzbund

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Air protection assistants, some with steel helmets and respirators (1939)

The Reichsluftschutzbund ( RLB ) was a public association for the German air raid in the era of National Socialism . The tasks of the RLB were taken over by the Federal Air Protection Association (BLSV) after 1952, which was later renamed the Federal Association for Self-Protection (BVS).

With its close network of air raid control centers, the RLB served not only to provide practical and psychological preparation for an air war but also to instruct the population in self-protection during and after air raids, as well as for political and police control of the population.


The federation was founded by Hermann Göring on April 29, 1933 and was also under Göring's Reich Aviation Ministry . In the federal government, the German Air Protection Association (DLS), which had existed since 1927, and the German Air Protection League (since 1931) were forcibly merged. With the RLB, all the air raid protection organizations founded in the Weimar Republic ceased to exist. In 1940 the RLB was transformed into a corporation under public law , and in 1944 it was transferred to the NSDAP .

In 1939 about 15 million members were organized in the RLB. There were 75,300 offices; 820,000 officials did their service in the RLB (280,000 of them women). Members were trained by more than 28,000 teachers in 3,800 schools. The training program included preparing a house and apartment in accordance with air protection, fire fighting, gas protection, first aid , reporting. Everyone could be obliged to participate in the RLB training events by the Air Protection Act of May 26, 1935.

The official press organ of the RLB was The Siren. Illustrated magazine of the Reichsluftschutzbund , which was published from 1933 to 1944 by Deutscher Verlag, formerly Ullstein .

The RLB was regarded as dissolved by the Control Council Directive No. 24.

The officials of the RLB were awarded service clothing in gray-blue cloth, which included a specially designed national emblem. The national emblem was worn on the left lower sleeve and on the cap.


Official sign of the Reichsluftschutzbund of the local group Hamburg IV

The President of the RLB has always been an active general in the Air Force .


  • Jörn Brinkhus: Civil Air Protection in the “Third Reich” - Change in its top organization. In: Dietmar Süß (Ed.): Germany in the air war. History and memory (= contemporary history in conversation. Vol. 1). Oldenbourg, Munich 2007, ISBN 3-486-58084-1 , pp. 27-40.
  • Erich Hampe : The civil air defense in the Second World War , Bernard & Graefe, Frankfurt am Main 1963, pp. 430–451.
  • Bernd Lemke (Ed.): Air and civil defense in Germany in the 20th century (= Potsdam writings on military history. Vol. 5). Potsdam, Military History Research Office 2007, ISBN 978-3-9808882-7-1 .
  • Dietmar Süß : Death from the air. War society and aerial warfare in Germany and England. Siedler, Munich 2011, ISBN 978-3-88680-932-5 .

See also

Members of the Reich Air Protection Association in 1941 rescuing the injured

Web links

Commons : Reichsluftschutzbund  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Sweet: Death from the Air. 2011, p. 42 f.
  2. Sweet: Death from the Air. 2011, p. 45.
  3. ZDB -ID 720329-9 .
  4. ^ Wolf R. Dombrowsky : Disaster and Disaster Protection: A Sociological Analysis. Springer, Wiesbaden 1989, ISBN 978-3-663-05412-2 , p. 130
  5. so in: The Siren. Issue 16, 1941.