Federal Association for Self-Protection
The Luftschutzverein was founded in 1946 and was partially recruited from the National Socialist Reich Air Protection Association (RLB), which had included the German Air Protection Association (DLS), which had existed since 1927, and the German Air Protection League (since 1931). In 1951 the association was renamed the Federal Air Protection Association and in 1957 became a federal corporation under public law by law . In 1968 it was renamed the Federal Association for Self-Protection. On January 1, 1997, the federal association was dissolved and its tasks were performed by the Federal Office for Civil Protection .
Organization and tasks
The Federal Association was created in 1968 by renaming the Federal Air Protection Association (BLSV) and was dissolved in 1997 as part of the reorganization of civil defense. The tasks were carried on by the Federal Office for Civil Protection together with the municipalities. This office was also dissolved as part of austerity measures and its responsibilities were transferred to the Federal Administrative Office - Central Office for Civil Protection (BVA-ZfZ) on January 1, 2001 . From this, against the background of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 , the Federal Office for Civil Protection and Disaster Aid (BBK) was founded on May 1, 2004 .
The association was divided into the federal headquarters, the state offices, the local offices and schools. Members of the BVS were the federal government , the federal states , the municipal associations and other bodies. It was headed by a board of directors made up of a president and an executive director. While the president was doing voluntary work, the director was a temporary civil servant and the superior of all civil servants , employees and workers of the BVS.
In West Berlin , due to its four-power status, the Society for Civil Protection eV (GZS) was active, as the recipient of federal funding, with an honorary board of directors, a full-time managing director and full-time and honorary employees, the training tasks of both the Federal Office for Civil Protection and of the BVS. In addition, she was temporarily responsible for the maintenance and monitoring of the shelters in the western part of the city.
In the BVS, many volunteers were involved as specialist teachers or self-protection helpers, particularly for self-protection training for young people and for providing information to broad sections of the population. The BVS had the task of educating the citizens about self-protection measures in crises, disasters and in case of defense . This included, for example, information about fire protection, the rescue and rescue of those affected, the storage of food or the construction of shelters in private properties. The BVS had five schools of its own, in which self-protection courses were held primarily for government employees. The practical extinguishing or rescue exercises for the disaster control trains of the Deutsche Bundespost played a large part . In addition, the BVS carried out basic self-protection courses at local level, imparting basic knowledge in the areas of fire protection, rescue and medical services.
For many years the BVS published the civil protection magazine, in which the large German disaster protection organizations were also found.
In some telephone books or in the AVON there were instructions and rules of conduct for self-protection.
- Bernd Lemke (ed.): Air and civil protection in Germany in the 20th century (Potsdam writings on military history, Volume 5), Potsdam MGFA 2007.
- Dietmar Süß : Death from the air. War society and aerial warfare in Germany and England. Siedler, Munich 2011.
- Dietmar Süß: Death from the air. War society and aerial warfare in Germany and England, Munich: Siedler 2011, p. 42f.
- Law on the dissolution of the Federal Association for Self-Protection (Article 2 of the Law on the Reorganization of Civil Protection) of March 25, 1997 ( Federal Law Gazette I p. 726, 731 )