Richard Mique

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Queen's hamlet in the Trianon, Grand Parc de Versailles
Belvedere at the Petit Trianon , Grand Parc de Versailles

Richard Mique (born September 18, 1728 in Nancy , † July 7, 1794 in Paris ) was a French architect . He was considered the last leading architect of the Ancien Régime .

After his training in Paris, which he completed under Jacques-François Blondel , he worked for the Polish King Stanislaus in Nancy, who raised him to the nobility. After the death of Stanislaus he returned to Paris in 1766. 1767–1772 he built the Ursuline Convent in Versailles , today's Lycée Hoche , and in 1775 Mique built the Carmelite Church in Saint-Denis .

In the same year he became Ange-Jacques Gabriel's successor as the first court architect to Louis XVI. and then managed several smaller construction projects in Versailles, such as the establishment of the Petits Apartments in the palace itself, as well as the construction of the theater near the Petit Trianon , the Amor Temple and the Belvedere in the park .

His best-known work is the Queen's Hameau , the little village for Marie Antoinette in the palace gardens of the Trianon.

Mique was suspected of pro-royalist conspiracy and died together with his son on the guillotine during the French Revolution , just weeks before the end of the reign of terror .

Web links

Commons : Richard Mique  - collection of images, videos and audio files