Movement (piece of music)
In classical music, a movement is a self-contained part of a multi-part musical work such as B. a suite or a symphony . Most of the time, each movement is given a so-called movement designation , the tempo and character (e.g. “Andante”, “Allegro con brio”), the type of movement (e.g. minuet , scherzo ) or its position in the course of the work ( e.g. Entrée and Finale ).
The sequence of sentences resulting from the various sentences is often designed to be rich in contrast. Examples of typical sentence sequences are:
- Baroque solo suite: Allemande - Courante - Sarabande - Gigue
- Sonata da chiesa : Adagio - Allegro - Largo - Allegro
- Sonata da camera and solo concert : Allegro - Adagio or Andante - Allegro or Presto
- Classical divertimento : Allegro - Minuet I, II - Adagio - Minuet I, II - Presto
- classical symphony and string quartet : Allegro - Adagio or Andante - Minuet (or Scherzo ) - Allegro or Presto
There are also many variants and imaginative sentence sequences. The baroque overture suite (e.g. by Telemann ), which also uses character sentences (e.g. Réjouissance , Harlequinade, etc.) has a particularly large number of movements . In the late baroque and classical periods there were also two-movement works, e.g. B. Sonatas by Domenico Scarlatti , Antonio Soler , Joseph Haydn , or the Quartettini and Quintettini for strings by Luigi Boccherini .
- In the musical theory of forms in the succession of Arnold Schönberg , sentence describes a certain type of topic.
- In the musical period there is a front and a trailer.
- The tone setting deals with the setting of the individual voices to one another.
- Michael Beiche: Art. Sentence . In: Concise Dictionary of Musical Terminology , ed. by Hans Heinrich Eggebrecht and Albrecht Riethmüller , editor Markus Bandur, Steiner, Wiesbaden 1971–2006, ISBN 978-3-515-10167-7 ( online ).
- Stanley Sadie: Movement. In: Grove Music Online (English; subscription required).
- William Drabkin, Ingeborg Pfingsten: sentence. In: Grove Music Online (English; subscription required).
- Adalbert Quadt : Guitar music from the 16th to 18th centuries Century. According to tablature ed. by Adalbert Quadt. Volume 1-4. Deutscher Verlag für Musik, Leipzig 1970 ff., Volume 2: based on tablatures for Colascione, Mandora and Angelica, 3rd edition, ibid. 1972, p. 65, and Volume 3, p. 15.