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Two girls with clearly visible parting
Parting in men and women
Detail view

In vertebrates and especially in humans, the vertex is a dividing line in the head area that extends dorsally from the hair vertebra to the forehead . She divides the head hair into a left and a right half.

Vertices in other animal phyla

Even with arthropods , a so-called apex located on the dorsal head surface.

Human anatomy

In humans, the vertex is made up of four bones in the skull - the frontal bone , the two parietal bones, and the occiput . These bones are connected by the coronal suture between the frontal and parietal bones, the arrow suture between the two parietal bones and the lambda suture between the parietal and occipital bones. On ultrasound images of unborn babies, the vertex is used to determine the development of the fetus . The length from the crown of the head to the rump can be measured and conclusions can be drawn about the level of development of the fetus and diseases.

The parting in hairdresses

Parting lines are artificially created in human hairdresses. Their course is only partially based on the anatomical vertex. The parting and the associated division of the hair into individual parts are decisive for the appearance of a hairstyle. In addition to the classic types of parting , such as the side or middle parting (synonymous bottom parting ), there are also more complex types , such as the cross parting . Two vertices are drawn: the first runs from the forehead like a middle part, the second from one ear to the other ear over the height of the head, creating a cross. Many variants of the parting try specifically to increase the asymmetry of a hairstyle .


The “parting” in Yiddish is a wig that married women in certain Orthodox and ultra-Orthodox Jewish groups wear to cover their hair. In some Hasidic groups, the hair below the “parting” is completely shaved off. Other Orthodox women use a "tichel" (headscarf), a bonnet, cap or hat.


If you want to characterize a person in his moral characteristics, one often uses umgs. the saying "from head to toe". The human being should be understood as a whole, i.e. H. from the top point to the bottom point of the body.

See also

Web links

Wiktionary: parting  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Scheitel Duden Online, accessed on April 10, 2014.
  2. Home: DWDS - Digital Dictionary of the German Language. In: February 29, 2020, accessed February 29, 2020 .
  3. Wigs as headgear Jewish women want to be fashionable. on
  4. From the top to the bottom of the speeches index, accessed April 10, 2014.