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The following improvements would be good: According to Christian Nieske: House and Castle Aprath. A medieval manor in the Lower Bergisches Land . Erfurt, 2009 ISBN 978-3-86680-539-2 the whole article has to be revised.
The Aprath castle is a noble residence Disposed in Wülfrather district Aprath , close to the Wuppertal urban area. The ensemble of buildings known as Aprath Castle essentially goes back to the modern castle building, which was built in 1722 by Baron Johann Abraham Friedrich von Syberg zu Aprath near the medieval Aprath Castle, a protective and defensive system that has been inhabited by the local nobles since the High Middle Ages . In the course of time, the buildings were rebuilt and expanded several times. The appearance after the renovation by Carl Rumpff in the 19th century shaped the memory of the property. Today the entire castle complex has disappeared. Only remnants of the medieval fortifications, which are located directly on Landesstrasse 74 and are occasionally called Aprath Castle, have survived .
In the immediate vicinity of the property are the Aprath mill and the Kaiser Wilhelm monument on a hill .
Aprath or the knight seat "Abbatisrothe" , which was called "Abetrothe" ("clearing of the abbot") in the 12th century and later on the Ploennies map of 1715 as "Abroth", was first mentioned in 1150 and belonged to numerous over the years Owners, including the Ritter von Aprath and Quad von Rode.
Jacob von Syberg acquired Aprath around the middle of the 17th century through his marriage to Anna Christina von der Recke zu Kemnade und Stiepel . It was not until his grandson Johann Abraham Friedrich, the last of those from Syberg zu Aprath, that the castle was built on the area of the aristocratic seat of Aprath in 1722. It is unclear whether as a replacement for a previous residential building or because the medieval defense structure next door no longer met the requirements. In 1810, this castle was then passed into civil ownership when Ernst Theodor Gottlieb Dewiz acquired it. Other owners were the landowner Wolters and then the entrepreneur and patron Carl Rumpff (1838–1889). He had the main building rebuilt as it is known today from numerous historical postcards . After his death at Aprath Castle, a Mr. Gamp owned the property, then again at the turn of the century a Mr. Wolters. Then the property came to the restaurateur Willy Bergmann.
Shortly after the turn of the century, Bergmann's castle was redesigned as an excursion restaurant, and numerous picture postcards of this have been preserved. The mill pond of the neighboring Aprath mill was used as a gondola pond and was part of the palace park. At that time, in the north-eastern area of the castle park, the keep of the medieval Aprath Castle - used as a lookout tower - still existed, and the restorative reconstruction of the keep at Castle Burg ad Wupper was based on its defensive design .
In the mayor's office of Vohwinkel , which existed in 1888, the owners of Aprath had a seat on the municipal council due to the municipal code of law § 46.
State of preservation
Nothing is left of the castle itself. Even from the medieval fortifications, only a small round tower and a crenellated wall have survived. Most of the fortifications are said to have been dismantled as early as the beginning of the 19th century. In the middle of the eighties of the 20th century, the main building of the castle was almost completely dilapidated and was completely demolished in 1986.
As early as the early 1950s, the remnants of the medieval fortifications were converted into apartments. After a temporary period of use, the walls were empty again and the buildings fell into disrepair again. In the meantime the remains have been extensively renovated (after 1998) and the property is inhabited again.
- ↑ a b Aprath Castle by Marina Alice Mutz
- ↑ Colloquially also as Aprath Castle .
- ^ Entry on Aprath, the remains of a knight's seat in the private database "Alle Burgen".
- ^ Rumpff, Karl Entry on www.berlin-geschichte.de
- ↑ Vohwinkel, independent mayor's office, accessed February 2009
- ↑ Kulturserver-nrw.de/ Aprath Castle
- Alfred Lauer: Bergische Burgen und Schlösser: Leisure guide with directions and hiking suggestions . RGA-Buchverlag, Remscheid 1998, ISBN 3-923495-37-4
- Christian Nieske: House and Castle Aprath. A medieval manor in the Lower Bergisches Land . Erfurt, 2009 ( ISBN 978-3-86680-539-2 )
- Entry by Günter Krause and Jens Friedhoff on Aprath in the scientific database " EBIDAT " of the European Castle Institute
- Old views of Aprath Castle and something historical
- More pictures of the last remains of the former fortification, which is now used as a residential building
Coordinates: 51 ° 16 ′ 21 ″ N , 7 ° 4 ′ 14 ″ E