Handicapped ID card

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A severely disabled person's pass is a nationwide proof of the status of a severely disabled person , the degree of disability and other health characteristics that are a prerequisite for claiming rights and compensation for disadvantages . The ID card is issued by the pension office or another competent authority under state law on request. The design of the ID is regulated in the Severely Disabled ID Ordinance (SchwbAwV). An ID card is only issued from a determined degree of disability (GdB) of 50.


The severely handicapped ID card serves as proof of the severely handicapped when making use of rights and compensation for disadvantages to which people with a disability are entitled by law or otherwise, such as special protection against dismissal under labor law , the right to additional vacation, benefits in the taxation of income (in the form of tax exemptions ) as well as free transport in local public transport or for receiving the euro key .

The issuing authority (e.g. the pension office ) notes on the severely handicapped ID the determined degree of disability, the expiry of the validity of the ID (unless it is “unlimited”) and other health characteristics in the form of markers . The degree of disability is given as a whole number rounded to 10, which in this case ranges from 50 to 100. A “supplementary sheet” is part of the ID card, which is important when applying for a vehicle tax credit or, with the token on it, for free transport in public transport. This supplement is only available if at least one mark has been entered on the ID card. Then the disability card is green / orange. Without a marker, the ID is only green.

In contrast to the notification of assessment (which also contains statements on the type of disability), the severely handicapped ID card does not state the functional disorders on which the disability is based. If the severely disabled status is to be proven, it is sufficient to present the ID. However, the assessment notice cannot be requested, something that some employers do not know or do not observe.

With the help of a supra-local social welfare agency, it is possible to have an assistant funded for everyday life. This assumption of costs is also possible for helpers of children during school time.

Features and marks

The basic color of the pass is green; it also has an orange-colored surface imprint if one of the marks “G”, “aG”, “H”, “Bl” or “Gl” was detected. The ID card with an orange-colored surface imprint enables disabled people to travel free of charge in local public transport if there is also a valid token on the “supplementary sheet”. Severely disabled people with the symbols “G” or “Gl” can choose whether they want to use the free rides or a reduction in vehicle tax of 50 percent. People who are extraordinarily handicapped ("aG"), blind ("Bl") or helpless ("H") or whose ID card shows "war damaged" can be exempt from vehicle tax and also use local public transport free of charge. The tax advantages are only possible if the vehicle to be subsidized is registered in the name of the severely disabled person. To apply for a token, tax reduction or tax exemption, the severely handicapped ID card and the accompanying sheet must be presented to the vehicle tax office of the main customs office responsible for the holder; The local customs offices also accept such applications.

An additional payment has to be made for the free travel token (€ 80.00 per year, € 40.00 for half a year). The additional payment does not apply to the marks “Bl” (blindness) and “H” (helplessness). Beneficiaries under the Social Security Code ( SGB ​​II , SGB ​​VIII , SGB ​​XII ), the Federal Pension Act or the Federal Compensation Act are also exempt from co-payment.

If the mark “B” (accompanying person) is not deleted on the front of the ID card (only with green / orange ID card), any accompanying person can travel free of charge in all passenger traffic. This also applies if the severely disabled person has not acquired a token or has taken advantage of the vehicle tax reduction.

The ID can have the following features:

character meaning Legal basis
aG Exceptional mobility impairment Section 3 Paragraph 1 No. 1 SchwbAwV ,

Section 6 (1) No. 14 StVG

H Helpless within the meaning of the Income Tax Act, entitled to take an accompanying person with you when using public transport, not within the meaning of SGB XII Section 3 Paragraph 1 No. 2,

Section 33b EStG

Bl Blind Section 3 (1) No. 3 SchwbAwV,

§ 72 Abs. 5 SGB ​​XII

Eq Deaf Section 3 (1) No. 4 SchwbAwV,

§ 228 SGB ​​IX

RF Reduction of broadcast contribution by 2/3 at the request of the possibility of complete exemption solely because of the shopping sign RF since January 1, 2013 accounts for
social tariff for connections in the network of Telekom
Section 3 (1) No. 5 SchwbAwV,

Section 4 (2) RBStV , state regulations for exemption from the license fee

1st class Authorized to use first class on railways with tickets for second class or within the personal route directory (only for beneficiaries under the Federal Supply Act or Federal Compensation Act) Section 3 (1) No. 6 SchwbAwV,

Health conditions stipulated in the tariff for the use of the 1st carriage class with a 2nd carriage class ticket

B. Authorization to take an accompanying person with you when using public transport Section 3 (2) SchwbAwV,

Section 229 (2) SGB IX

G Significant impairment of mobility in traffic Section 3 (2) SchwbAwV,

Section 229 (1) sentence 1 SGB IX

TBl Deafblind Section 3 Paragraph 1 No. 8 SchwbAwV,

§ 72 Abs. 5 SGB ​​XII

In addition, “war damaged” can be printed on the severely disabled ID card if there is war damage of at least GdB 50 (regardless of the total GdB). This classification has the same consequences as the "aG" feature, so it also leads to free transport in local public transport and to exemption from vehicle tax ( §§ 3a and 17 KraftStG ).

In addition, the federal states have issued administrative regulations on the approval of parking facilities for special groups of disabled people (VwV Parking facilities) in accordance with Section 46 (1) No. 11 of the StVO , on the basis of which this group of people can obtain an internationally valid parking card with which disabled parking spaces can be used and free parking is permitted in public car parks.

Anyone who has the “G” and “B” characters in their ID card and is severely disabled, e. B. due to a spinal or heart disease, can receive a special parking permit. It does not authorize the use of a disabled parking space, but offers other facilities, e.g. Parking in restricted grip ban to three hours. The authorization is only valid for Germany and is mostly limited to the issuing federal state.

Anyone with the “aG” sign in their ID card can apply for an ID card for the use of disabled parking spaces (blue sign with white wheelchair).

Anyone who has the "TBl" mark in their ID card is exempted from broadcasting fees on application, claims deaf-blind assistance, double blind allowance (currently only in Berlin and Bavaria, in some other federal states only increased blind allowance) and the cost of technical aids for deaf-blind people from health insurance companies ( up to now, “Gl” and “Bl” also led to problems in the selection when assuming the cost of aids, the new mark has now led to complete clarity for the health insurance companies).

Legal basis

The legal basis for the severely handicapped ID is § 152 of SGB ​​IX in connection with the Severely Handicapped ID Ordinance . Relevant for the assessment of the degree of disability, the examination of whether the other health prerequisites for the determination of disadvantage compensation exist, were the indications for the medical expert work in the social compensation law and according to the severely disabled law until December 31, 2008 .

On the basis of a new authorization to issue ordinances created in December 2007 (in Section 30 (17) BVG), the indications were transferred to the Health Care Ordinance on January 1, 2009 and were thus for the first time enshrined in an ordinance. They are now legally binding for administrations and courts.

Appearance of the ID

Front of a severely handicapped ID in Germany green / orange
Handicapped ID card in Germany, old form until 2013

The ID was issued in paper form in DIN A6 format. For severely disabled people from the age of ten, a passport-size photo is provided. It has the colors green and green / orange (if the symbols G, aG, H, Gl, VB or EB are present).

Since January 1, 2013, the pass was also available in the format of an identification card (credit or check card); since 2015 it has only been exhibited in this way. The identification card corresponds to the ID-1 format of common credit cards . ID cards based on the old model issued by December 31, 2014 remain valid until their validity period expires. They can be exchanged for an identification card at the request of the person concerned. The passport photo is scanned and the person concerned receives it back; the finished card will be sent by post.

The new ID cards also contain a sentence in English about the severely disabled property (The holder of this card is severely disabled) and a note (letters sch-ba ) in Braille for ID cards for blind people . Any associated token for using free travel has also only been issued in the corresponding size since 2013. The smaller format that matches the identification card can be separated from the appropriately perforated sheet. To make counterfeiting more difficult, it is now provided with a kinegram .

Online application

In only nine out of 16 federal states, the severely handicapped ID can also be applied for online (electronically) - which should lead to an accelerated GdB determination: BB BE BY HB HH NI NW RP SL The National Regulatory Control Council alerted: "It is 5 to 12 - or later ! " He still sees an "urgent need for action" in the (paperless) digitization of administration. It must be pushed forward. It is "still far behind" compared to other EU countries. “In international rankings for the digitization of administrative services, Germany still ranks lower. Most recently, it fell further back in the EU Commission's ranking: From 19th place to 24th place "out of 28 countries, according to the NKR in its 2019 annual report with its" devastating "conclusion in section 3.1.1:" Germany in decline ".

The forms for all 16 federal states can be downloaded from gehoerigenpflege-kk.de, some with a leaflet.


Upon request, in several federal states (Hamburg, Rhineland-Palatinate , Lower Saxony, Berlin, Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Saxony-Anhalt and Schleswig-Holstein, as of July 2018), a special ID card holder, the so-called Schwer-in-Ordinance , can be provided free of charge for the severely disabled ID card -ID , received. This covers the word “severely handicapped ID” with the word “difficult-to-order ID”. The idea for this ID card holder goes back to the student Hannah Kiesbye. The fourteen-year-old teenager with Down syndrome from Pinneberg criticized in October 2017 in a literary text in the magazine “kids aktuell” of the association KIDS Hamburg e. V. media-effective the phrase “severely handicapped ID”. This initiative was taken up by the media, ministries of social affairs, associations for the disabled and political parties and sparked a discussion about the name of the severely disabled card.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Disabled ID Ordinance (SchwbAwV)
  2. What are the advantages of the severely handicapped ID? HandicapX GmbH, accessed on December 3, 2019 .
  3. The label "war damaged" is only given to people whose war damage is classified as GdB 50 or more.
  4. Explanations of the order for a social tariff for connections in the network of Deutsche Telekom ( Memento from November 22, 2009 in the Internet Archive )
  5. Parking facilities for special groups of severely disabled people. city ​​Cologne
  6. The new severely disabled ID card. Federal Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs , accessed on January 24, 2014 .
  7. http://www.myhandicap.de/schwerbehindertenausweis-scheckkartenformat-plastikkarte.html
  8. ^ Brandenburg online
  9. Berlin online
  10. Bavaria online
  11. Bremen online
  12. Hamburg online
  13. ^ Lower Saxony online
  14. NRW online
  15. ^ Rhineland Palatinate online
  16. ^ Saarland online
  17. Press release, May 25, 2016
  18. Application forms nationwide
  19. Hannah Kiesbye: Difficult-in-order ID. www.kidshamburg.de/, accessed on January 15, 2018 (article from page 16).
  20. Inclusion: Rhineland-Palatinate introduces “Schwer-in-ord” badge. In: mz-web.de. Retrieved January 2, 2018 .