No stopping

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Fig. 1: Sign 283 StVO, absolute no stopping
Fig. 2: Sign 286 StVO, restricted stopping ban

The stop prohibition (HV) is in Germany after the Road Traffic Act (StVO) an official Deployment banned in traffic on public transport ground to keep .

"Stopping is a deliberate break in the journey that is not caused by the traffic situation or an order ", according to the legal definition in the General Administrative Regulations for Road Traffic Regulations .

The stopping ban can be ordered by means of traffic signs , among other things . The absolute and the restricted stopping prohibitions are stationing prohibitions for vehicles on the lane. The basic rules of conduct are regulated in § 12 StVO.

Colloquially, which is absolute stop prohibition as Halteverbot and the limited stop prohibition as a parking prohibition referred to, the latter are distinguished by traffic regulations. In Germany and Austria, these are the official terms.


It must always and everywhere held to be where it is not prohibited. The entire road traffic regulations are to be seen in their context.

In § 2 StVO the use of the lane by vehicles is prescribed. There it simply says in paragraph 1: "Vehicles must use the roadway [...]." Sidewalks do not belong to the roadway, which means that it is generally not allowed to stop on sidewalks ( prohibition of use for vehicles) unless it is expressly indicated by traffic sign 315 Sign 315-55 - parking halfway on sidewalks in the direction of travel right, StVO 1992.svg ( Parking on sidewalks for vehicles with a gross vehicle weight of up to 2.8 t) or through parking area markings on the sidewalk.

A distinction must be made between:

  • No stopping : Vehicle drivers are not allowed to stop or park (except due to traffic - see Waiting - or under special circumstances such as an emergency ).
  • No parking : drivers are not allowed to park.

The following legal definitions must be observed:

  • Holding after VwV-Highway Code 1 to § 12. "A deliberate interruption of movement that is not through the traffic situation or arrangement is caused." In Austria the hold as "voluntary parking the vehicle up to 10 minutes or for the duration of a charging operation. "
  • Parking is defined in Section 12 (2) of the StVO: "Anyone who leaves their vehicle or stops for more than three minutes parks."
  • Waiting : If the journey is interrupted due to an order or the traffic situation, the road traffic regulations do not stop , but wait . Waiting "is added to the interrupted traffic process of flowing traffic ". The stopping prohibition therefore does not apply; without legal definition. Examples are waiting
  • Stopping : If the journey is interrupted for operational reasons (e.g. malfunction / breakdown, lack of energy), the vehicle driver does not stop either, but remains (without legal definition). But remains in the vehicle stop prohibition, although the removal would be possible, from breaking down the illegal parking .

Stopping ban according to StVO

Section 12 (1) of the StVO provides:

“Holding is not allowed

  1. at narrow and blind spots on the road,
  2. in the area of ​​sharp turns ,
  3. on threading strips and on threading strips ,
  4. on level crossings ,
  5. in front of and in officially marked fire service driveways . "

Pursuant to Section 41,  Paragraph 1 of the Road Traffic Regulations, all of the  instructions and prohibitions set out in Appendix 2 of the Road Traffic Regulations “must be followed”.

Stopping is prohibited

  • on highways (character 330.1 Sign 330.1 - Autobahn, StVO 2013.svg) and motor vehicle roads (331.1 characters Sign 331.1 - Motorway, StVO 2013.svg): "Hold, on verges is forbidden."
  • "On lanes with permanent light"
  • on closed roads, for example with sign 250 StVO Sign 250 - prohibition for vehicles of all kinds, StVO 1970.svgor sign 242.1 StVOSign 242.1 - start of a pedestrian zone, StVO 2009.svg
  • Sign 283 - Absolute stopping ban, StVO 2017.svgin the absolute no-stopping ban (sign 283), referred to simply as a no-stopping ban until the 2009 amendment to the Road Traffic Act .
  • Sign 215 - roundabout, StVO 2000.svgwithin a roundabout (sign 215) on the lane,
  • Sign 229 - taxi stand, StVO 1994.svgat taxi stands (sign 229), except for operational taxis,
  • Sign 293 - pedestrian crossing, StVO 1970.svgon and up to five meters in front of pedestrian crossings (sign 293),
  • Sign 295 - lane delimitation and lane delimitation, StVO 1970.svg to the left of a continuous lane boundary line (sign 295), if there is a paved hard shoulder or special path on the right,
  • Sign 297 - direction arrows, StVO 1970.svg on a stretch of the roadway marked with arrows (sign 297),
  • Sign 299 - border marking for stopping and parking bans, StVO 1992.svg within a boundary marking for stopping or parking bans (sign 299).
  • up to ten meters from the following traffic signs, if they are covered by them:
    • Sign 201 - St. Andrew's Cross - Give priority to rail traffic!  StVO 1970.svga St. Andrew's cross (sign 201),
    • Sign 205 - give way!  StVO 1970.svggive way to the sign . (Sign 205),
    • Sign 206 - Stop!  Give way!  StVO 1970.svgthe sign stop. Give way. ( Stop sign , sign 206).
    • Sign 131 - traffic light system, StVO 1970.svgin front of a traffic light system (traffic light, sign 131 is not necessary)

Before the 2009 StVO amendment , these stopping bans were distributed across several sections of the StVO, most of them in the old version of Section 12 of the StVO. For the sake of standardization, all requirements and prohibitions by traffic signs can now be found in column 3 of Annex 2 of the StVO.

Restricted stopping prohibition according to sign 286

Sign 286 Sign 286 - Restricted stopping ban, StVO 1970.svg, restricted stopping prohibition, commands:

“Anyone who drives a vehicle
may not stay on the road for more than three minutes,
with the exception of getting in
or out or loading or unloading.
Charging transactions must be carried out without delay. "

- Appendix 2 serial no. 63/64 StVO

Until the 2009 amendment to the Road Traffic Act, this sign was also referred to as a parking ban ; however, this has since been defined differently according to the StVO.

Scope of characters 283 and 286

Restricted stopping prohibition, limited in time and suspension

The stopping prohibitions ordered by signs 283 Sign 283 - Absolute stopping ban, StVO 2017.svgand 286 Sign 286 - Restricted stopping ban, StVO 1970.svgbegin at the location of the traffic sign and only apply to the lane on the side of the street on which the signs are attached. They apply in the direction of travel up to the next intersection or junction on the same side of the street or until other traffic signs dictate another regulation for stationary traffic .

White arrows in the signs 283 and 286 indicate the beginning, the end or the continuation of the stopping prohibition. The beginning of the prohibited route can be marked by a horizontal arrow in the sign pointing to the road, the end by an arrow pointing away from the road. (The sign for the beginning of the prohibited route therefore looks exactly the other way around, e.g. in one-way streets on the right and left side of the street; the arrow always points to the lane, on the right side of the street it points to the left, on the left to the right.)

If the signs are repeated in the prohibited route, one arrowhead points towards the road, the second away from it. The meaning of the arrows becomes clear when one imagines the signs rotated to the road; rotated like this, the arrows would point to the area to which the stopping prohibition applies. For this reason, the "prohibition signs with arrows [...] must be attached at an acute angle to the road".

Stopping bans can be limited in time, i.e. hourly and every day of the week or even over time periods.

In the absence of a defined beginning (sign 283-10 stopping prohibition or 283-50 beginning of stopping prohibition) of the prohibited route of a stopping prohibition, a backward-pointing sign (sign 283-20 ​​end of stopping prohibition) is in itself legally ineffective and therefore does not have to be observed (BVerwG DAR 1975, 250 and VRS 49, 306; BayObLG VerkMitt. 76 10; OLG Hamm VRS 50 469; KG Berlin VRS 47 313).

No stopping with additional signs up to the curve

Exceptions and Limitations

  • An additional sign "residents with special parking permit free" (additional signs 1020–32 Additional sign 1020-32 - residents with parking permit no. ... free, StVO 2002.svg) invalidates the stopping ban for the named group of people, provided that the parking permit valid for a motor vehicle or trailer is legibly in the prescribed location (see resident parking ).
  • The additional symbol (additional symbol 1020–11 Additional sign 1020-11 - Severely disabled people with parking permit no. ... free, StVO 1992.svg) accepts severely disabled persons, e.g. B. with exceptional walking disabilities and blind people, each with a special parking permit, from the stopping ban. Here, too, the valid parking permit must be laid out or affixed in the vehicle so that it is clearly legible from the outside. In Germany there are three different parking permits for the severely disabled, the blue, the orange and the yellow. All 3 passes allow the severely disabled to park in the restricted parking area for up to 3 hours. The parking disc must also be laid out here.
  • The additional sign "Electric vehicles free during the charging process" Supplementary sign 1026-60: Electric vehicles free during the charging process(additional sign 1026-60) allows electric vehicles to be stopped during the charging process.
  • The additional sign "emergency vehicles free" (additional sign 1026–33 Additional sign 1026-33 - Emergency vehicles free (450x600), StVO 1992.svg) allows emergency vehicles, mostly police authority vehicles, to be stopped in the area of ​​a no-stopping area, for example in the vicinity of a police station or a local court or in front of the service buildings of the institute for forensic medicine . These can also be private vehicles.

Areas marked by parking area markings that are absolutely prohibited from parking are reserved for vehicles that are excluded according to the additional sign.

Hard shoulder

With the additional sign 1060–31, Additional sign 1060-31 - no stopping on the hard shoulder (600x330), StVO 2017.svgalways in conjunction with signs 283 Sign 283 - Absolute stopping ban, StVO 2017.svgor 286 Sign 286 - Restricted stopping ban, StVO 1970.svg, stopping on the hard shoulder can be prohibited in addition to the actual prohibition on the road.

The combination of signs 286 Sign 286 - Restricted stopping ban, StVO 1970.svgand additional signs 1053-34, Additional sign 1053-34 - on the side strip (600x330), StVO 2017.svgon the other hand, only ever refers to stopping on the hard shoulder alone and not on the adjacent lane. As a result Sign 283 - Absolute stopping ban, StVO 2017.svg, a different regulation for the lane can be made, for example by means of sign 283 .

No stopping in one zone

Fig. 4: Sign 290.1 ​​StVO, beginning of a restricted stopping ban for a zone

With sign 290.1 ​​StVO Sign 290.1 ​​- beginning of a restricted parking ban for a zone, StVO 2009.svg, an entire area of ​​validity (zone) can be covered with a restricted stopping ban. Vehicle drivers are not allowed to stop within the marked zone for more than 3 minutes, except for getting in or out of the vehicle or for loading or unloading. This restricted stopping ban for a zone is repealed by sign 290.2 StVO.

Within the marked zone, the restricted stopping prohibition applies to all public traffic areas (lane, hard shoulder, etc.), provided that traffic signs (e.g. disabled Additional sign 1044-10 - only severely disabled people with exceptional walking difficulties and blind people, StVO 1992.svgparking spaces), traffic facilities or markings (parking area markings) do not contain any deviating regulations . Furthermore, parking with a resident parking permit (additional sign 1020-32 ) can be used within the areas marked by parking area markings using appropriate additional signs, which are always attached in combination with the zone prohibition sign (sign 290.1) and thus provide the relevant information when entering this zone Additional sign 1020-32 - residents with parking permit no. ... free, StVO 2002.svg), with a parking disc (additional sign 1040-32 Additional sign 1040-32 - parking disc 2 hours, StVO 1992.svg, additional sign 1040-33 Additional sign 1040-33 - Parking with parking disc in marked areas 2 hours, StVO 1992.svg) or with a parking ticket (additional sign 1052-33 Additional sign 1053-31 - With parking ticket (600x330), StVO 2017.svg, additional sign 1053-32 Additional sign 1053-32 - subject to charges (420x231), StVO 2017.svg).

Within a no-stopping zone, however, an absolute no- stopping on the lane can still apply Sign 283 - Absolute stopping ban, StVO 2017.svgwith sign 283 (additionally on the hard shoulder with additional sign 1060-31 Additional sign 1060-31 - no stopping on the hard shoulder (600x330), StVO 2017.svgin combination). It is therefore also necessary to pay attention to further no-stopping signs within such a zone; these must also be followed.

The absolute stopping bans determined by Section 12, Paragraph 1 of the Road Traffic Regulations, as well as other traffic signs, remain unaffected.

Fire protection - stopping bans according to state regulations

Fig. 5: Sign 283-20 ​​with additional sign "Access zone for fire brigade § 22 VVB" and the non-standardized additional sign "Illegally parked vehicles will be towed away for a fee "

Stopping bans in accordance with state fire protection regulations supplement and expand the one from Section 12 (1) No. 5 StVO, in that, in addition to the fire brigade, they also include passageways as well as installation and movement areas for the fire brigade . Such areas are to be marked, unlike fire brigade access roads from § 12 Paragraph 1 No. 5 StVO but not necessarily “official”. The stopping prohibition applies even if there is no such marking. As a result of federalism in Germany, labeling is not regulated uniformly across the country. On the one hand, according to Section 45 Paragraph 1 Sentence 2 No. 5 StVO, the use of signs 283 and 299 comes into consideration, either standing alone or supplemented by additional signs (as in Figure 5); on the other hand, other characters that are not included in the VzKat are also used. Some national regulations stipulate that DIN 4066-2 must be complied with and stipulate the minimum size (594 × 210 mm) and text content (“fire service access” or “area for the fire service”).

Stopping bans in accordance with state fire protection regulations are - if at all - only sanctioned according to state law regulations, a punishment according to the catalog of fines is usually only considered if the conditions there are also met. Towing or relocation is possible if there is a risk to public safety. It is therefore generally advisable to keep escape routes clear for the fire brigade regardless of the applicable legal provisions.

Temporary stopping bans

Certain circumstances may require a stopping ban, for example if there is use on public transport that goes beyond common use (see special use ). Occasions for this are events , filming, removals, cleaning and construction work, etc. For this purpose, the road traffic authority approves a temporary stopping ban (the area is referred to as the no-need -stopping zone ), subject to a fee and after weighing interests and legal examination . This must be made known to road users 3 days before it comes into force by setting up corresponding traffic signs (usually the sign 283 with additional sign, e.g. additional sign 1042-34, possibly also additional sign 1052-37 for the hard shoulder).

In addition, a so-called reservation list must be drawn up during the list. This contains information about the parked vehicles that are in the future no-stop area (date, time, location, license plate number, manufacturer).

The routes known colloquially as "mobile stopping bans" are determined on the basis of a traffic law order from the locally and materially responsible road traffic authority . The implementation - i.e. the setting up of the signs - is usually the responsibility of an authority or agency of this administration, the locally and factually responsible police or the company (sign service). This is usually done by setting up traffic signs that are not anchored in the ground (usually signs that are on bases filled with water or concrete).

In the event of specific traffic obstructions due to unauthorized vehicles parked after the above period has expired, the police can be called in, which can have the vehicles towed if all requirements are met (condition of the signs, parking spaces , compliance with the permit) . The police make an advance payment for the towing and police costs . Subsequently, all costs are recourse to the responsible vehicle driver , or alternatively the vehicle owner, in the administrative procedure. Alternatively, the removal of the vehicles is possible at the expense of the initiator. In this case, the vehicle driver, or alternatively the vehicle owner, can be recourse to civil law.

In particular, towing is only possible if there is a specific traffic obstruction. Accordingly, parking offenders are not only towed away on the basis of the permit.

As with all official traffic signs, erecting, removing or relocating is an act of sovereignty , so that violations can constitute an offense of official presumption .


Vehicle drivers, or alternatively vehicle owners, commit a traffic offense in Germany according to the basic offense based on § 49 StVO and § 24 StVG ; standardized in the national catalog of fines . For example, the fine is usually 35 if the driver parks a vehicle for over an hour and obstructs other road users . In this case, towing the interfering vehicle can be legitimate.

See also

Web links

Commons : No parking signs in Germany  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. to § 12 StVO
  2. List of official designations
  3. Judgment of the Higher Regional Court Karlsruhe of May 20, 2003, file number: 2 Ss 216/01  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (with reference to BGHSt 14, 149; OLG Düsseldorf NZV 1989, 81 f; Heß in: Janiszewski / Jagow / Burmann: Straßenverkehrsrecht. 17th ed. § 12 marginal no. 3 f; Hentschel: Straßenverkehrsrecht. 37th ed. § 12 marginal no . 42)@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  4. § 18 Paragraph 8 StVO
  5. § 37 Paragraph 5 StVO
  6. § 37 Paragraph 5 StVO
  7. Appendix 2  serial no. 63/64 StVO
  8. a b c Annex 2  No. 61 StVO
  9. General administrative regulation for road traffic regulations ( VwV-StVO ), on signs 283 and 286 […] 3 III: "Prohibition signs with arrows must be attached at an acute angle to the roadway."
  10. Appendix 2  serial no. 63.4 StVO
  11. Appendix 2  serial no. 63.3 StVO
  12. a b General administrative regulation for road traffic regulations ( VwV-StVO ), Annex 7: Catalog of traffic signs, part 7 - additional signs according to § 39 Paragraph 3 StVO, § 41 Paragraph 2 StVO
  13. Appendix 2  serial no. 62.1 and 63.1 StVO
  14. Appendix 2  serial no. 62.2 and 63.2 StVO
  15. Appendix 2  serial no. 64/65 StVO
  16. a b c
    Legal basis of stopping bans according to state fire protection regulations
    state state regulation
    Baden-WürttembergBaden-Württemberg Baden-Württemberg Section 2 Paragraph 4 LBOAVO
    BavariaBavaria Bavaria Art. 5. Para. 2 BayBO in conjunction with §§ 22 , 27 VVB
    BerlinBerlin Berlin § 5 Abs. 2 BauO Bln ( Memento of the original dated November 6, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
    BrandenburgBrandenburg Brandenburg Section 5 (5) BbgBO
    BremenBremen Bremen Section 5 (2) BrBO
    HamburgHamburg Hamburg § 5 Abs. 5 HBauO ( Memento of December 30, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
    HesseHesse Hesse Section 5 (2) HBO
    Mecklenburg-Western PomeraniaMecklenburg-Western Pomerania Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania Section 5 (2) LBauO MV
    Lower SaxonyLower Saxony Lower Saxony § 4 Paragraph 1 and 3 NBauO i. V. m. § 1 Paragraph 3 , §§  2 , 32 DVO-NBauO
    North Rhine-WestphaliaNorth Rhine-Westphalia North Rhine-Westphalia § 5 Paragraph 6 BauO NRW i. V. m. §§  1 , 14 OBG
    Rhineland-PalatinateRhineland-Palatinate Rhineland-Palatinate § 7 Abs. 5 LBauO i. V. m. Annex 7.4 / 1 to the guideline on areas for the fire brigade ( Memento from December 30, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
    SaarlandSaarland Saarland Section 6 (2) LBO
    SaxonySaxony Saxony Section 5 (2) SächsBO
    Saxony-AnhaltSaxony-Anhalt Saxony-Anhalt Section 5 (2) BauO LSA
    Schleswig-HolsteinSchleswig-Holstein Schleswig-Holstein Section 5 (2) LBO
    ThuringiaThuringia Thuringia Section 5 (2) ThürBO
    As a general rule Section 5 (2) MusterBauO ( Memento of the original from May 27, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  17. a b c d e.g. No. 5.207 VV BauO NRW
  18. BVerwG , judgment of December 11, 1996 (11 C 15.95) ; Saxon OVG , judgment of March 23, 2009 (3 B 891/06) ; also BVerfG , decision of September 10, 2009 (1 BvR 814/09)
  19. See § 45, Paragraph 5 of the Road Traffic Regulations regarding the continuing duty of the road construction company to maintain safety ; BGH , judgment of November 29, 1973 (III ZR 211/71)
  20. Code 412145