Pension office

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The former pension office in Wuppertal

A pension office or office for social affairs (ASA) has tasks in Germany in the context of social security , individual compensation for those particularly affected and for severely disabled matters .


Seal of the pension office - Regensburg

The supply administration initially only referred to the compensation of war victims . As a result of the Franco-Prussian War of 1870–1871, there were thousands of them in the German Empire . In 1871 compensation was introduced for them. After the end of the First World War , the number of disabled people in Germany increased. In 1920 the Reich Supply Law was passed in order to guarantee their supply.

On October 1, 1950, the Federal Supply Act came into force and replaced the state law provisions on provisions for war victims created after the Second World War. On March 12, 1951, the "Law on the Establishment of Administrative Authorities for War Victims' Care" followed. The pension offices and state pension offices were established as special administrative authorities of the federal states. Due to several changes in the law, the federal states can now also set up the pension offices in general administrative authorities or with municipalities. These structural change options are currently being used in different ways by the federal states, as can be seen in part below.

The supply and state supply offices are service providers within the meaning of § § 12 , 24, Paragraph 2, First Book of the Social Code (SGB I).


Due to the administrative competence of the states according to Article 85 of the Basic Law , the pension offices in the states have different tasks. The supply administration today includes:

In Bavaria , Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania , Hesse , North Rhine-Westphalia , Saarland and Schleswig-Holstein , the pension office is also responsible for paying the childcare allowance or parental allowance .



Since January 2005 (the Baden-Württemberg administrative reform came into force under the supervision of the Stuttgart Regional Council ), social compensation law (BVG and ancillary laws) and severely handicapped law (SGB IX) have been dealt with in the respective district offices . Here the former state supply office (LVA) was incorporated as a department.

Since the number of cases in social compensation law is constantly falling, the state legislature has created the possibility of forming so-called "joint offices" of several district offices. In the meantime, these tasks are carried out in ten districts on the basis of voluntary agreements in such joint departments . In addition, the Böblingen district office was the only district office to be assigned responsibility for this area of ​​responsibility for the areas of the Esslingen and Rems-Murr districts by ordinance pursuant to Section 13 (2) of the State Administrative Procedure Act.

The tasks of the severely disabled person's law (SGB IX) are performed by all 35 district offices.

The tasks were not also transferred to the cities, since the tasks in this area are only performed by the state authorities. The cities are not Janus-faced like the district offices in Baden-Württemberg , which means that they are not at the same time municipal and state authorities.

North Rhine-Westphalia

As of December 31, 2007, the pension offices were dissolved and their (main) tasks redistributed:

  • The tasks according to the severely handicapped law and the processing and payment of parental allowance are distributed to the respective districts and independent cities . Sometimes cities and districts cooperate. So z. For example, the Wuppertal location was initially retained and the municipalities of Remscheid, Solingen and Wuppertal carry out these tasks centrally for their citizens from there. The Dortmund location handles these areas for the cities of Dortmund, Bochum and Hagen.
  • The tasks according to the Education Allowance Act are carried out by the Münster district government ( Münster district ).
  • The tasks for social compensation z. B. According to the Federal Supply Act , Soldiers Supply Act and Victim Compensation Act are taken over by the regional associations of Rhineland and Westphalia-Lippe .
  • The labor market programs are taken over by the district governments in NRW depending on their responsibilities.

The dissolution of the pension offices in North Rhine-Westphalia was controversial. The opposition in the state parliament criticized u. a. that the follow-up costs for the municipalities could not be foreseen and a dissolution might be more cost-intensive than keeping it.


The Rhineland-Palatinate State Office for Social Affairs, Youth and Welfare has performed these tasks since 1996 .

Web links


Commons : Pension Office  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

According to federal states