Soul jazz is a style of jazz and a further development of hard bop that emerged in the early 1960s and is often understood as a subspecies of funk . Blues , soul and gospel elements play a major role. Soul jazz is usually characterized by relatively simple rhythms and catchy melodies that are often played at a moderate or slow pace.
Soul jazz gained great popularity in the 1960s. Outstanding examples of this are the pieces " Mercy, Mercy, Mercy ", composed by Joe Zawinul , played by the Cannonball Adderley Quintet and produced by David Axelrod and Lee Morgan's The Sidewinder , both of which were also chart hits .
The main representatives are the Cannonball Adderley Quintet with Nat Adderley , the Ramsey Lewis Trio , the saxophonists Gene Ammons , Donald Byrd and Lou Donaldson , the pianists Les McCann and Horace Silver and the organists Lonnie Smith and Jimmy Smith .
Even after the heyday of soul jazz, many jazz musicians resorted to this style. Examples of this are Weather Report and the guitarists John Scofield and Charlie Hunter , who cannot be counted among the protagonists of this style in the narrower sense, but whose playing has clear influences from soul jazz. Also, the acid jazz of the 1990s refers - in his "jazzy" moments - much to the soul-jazz.
- 1966: The Cannonball Adderley Quintet: Mercy, Mercy, Mercy! Live at "The Club" ( Capitol Records )
- 1967: The Cannonball Adderley Quintet: Why Am I Treated So Bad! (Capitol)
- 1967: Lou Donaldson: Alligator Boogaloo ( Blue Note Records )
- 1967: Lou Donaldson: Mr. Shing-A-Ling (Blue Note)
- 1968: Lou Donaldson: Midnight Creeper (Blue Note)
- 1970: Lonnie Smith: Move Your Hand (Blue Note)
- 1971: Jimmy McGriff: Soul Sugar (Capitol)