The adjective social , from French social and Latin socialis , is often incorrectly used as a synonym for “ social ” and, in a broader sense, to “ non-profit , helpful, merciful ”. Instead, the concept of the social first describes the group as a prerequisite for action. As Niklas Luhmann shows, the concept of society describes a specifically complex "social system".
In colloquial language, “social” means a person's reference to one or more other people; this includes the ability (mostly) of a person to care and empathize with others. But it also means helping others and putting your own interests aside. There are numerous shadows, for example being generous or affable towards subordinates, chivalrous towards inferior , helpful, polite , tactful and responsible towards peers and non-equals .
In this sense, anyone who feels that all of this is unimportant acts unsocially . Antisocial (often with negative overtones ) is someone who is (almost) unconnected with the social environment and only lives on the fringes, i.e. who does not want to or cannot “fit in” with it.
- The sociology - the "science of social" - deals with the social nature of a society and its social structure . The Social Education deals with educational APPLICABLE social action and behavior .
- Numerous sociological and socio-pedagogical terms carry the word “social” with them, for example “ social role ” versus the “role” on stage.
The term social is also used in the following specialist areas:
- Biology : in the sense of cooperation between individuals ( see state ).
- Organizations beings: mostly in the " liberal professions " of which is the term derived from mergers, for example, a "lawyer law firm ".
- Politics : Central political problems or complexes of problems that have to be dealt with over a longer period of time are often referred to as “ social questions ”.
- Politics : coming from colloquial language, but also based on political teachings (for example on socialism ) as a target that some parties also use in their names, for example (alphabetically):
- Psychology : as a synonym for the terms interpersonal or intersubjective .
- Jurisprudence : as a constitutional state objective of the Federal Republic of Germany: It is a " social federal state ". As a result, every person in Germany (not just every German citizen) has a basic right to the state taking care of them in extreme need.
- Social policy
- Economics : derived in the form of the statistical concept of the national product .
- Dissociality , anti-sociality , Social isolation
- Anti-social (national socialism)
- Social affairs , social management , social balance
- Social economy , social science
- Social work
- Social competence
- List of all Wikipedia articles whose title begins with social
- List of all Wikipedia articles whose title contains social