Steven Brams

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Steven J. Brams (born November 28, 1940 in Concord, New Hampshire) is an American political scientist who specializes in game theory , the theory of elections such as social choice theory and fair sharing theory.

Steven Brams

Brams graduated from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) with a bachelor's degree in 1962 and a PhD in political science from Northwestern University in 1966 . From 1965 to 1967 he was at the Institute for Defense Analyzes , from 1967 Assistant Professor at Syracuse University and from 1969 at New York University , where he became Associate Professor in 1973 and Professor in 1976.

He is one of the founders of Approval voting (with Peter C. Fishburn 1977) and Alan D. Taylor inventor of the divorce formula (Adjusted Winner procedure), which he patented and the patent is marketed by a Boston law firm. With Taylor in 1995, he designed a solution to the pie-sharing problem for any number of participants (fair division).

He applied game theory to a wide variety of areas such as international politics and the Bible . One of the analyzed situations is God's prohibition to eat from the tree of knowledge . God has two possible strategies here : to prohibit or not to prohibit. Adam and Eve also have two possible strategies: to eat or not to eat. An analysis of the four possibilities shows that "forbid / eat (anyway)" is the stable solution of the game.

He was visiting professor at the University of Rochester , the University of Michigan , the University of California, Irvine , the University of Pennsylvania, and Yale University .

In 1986/87 he was a Guggenheim Fellow. He is a member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science .


  • Game Theory and Politics. , New York: Free Press, 1975, 2nd edition Dover 2004
  • Paradoxes in Politics: An Introduction to the Nonobvious in Political Science. New York: Free Press, 1976.
  • The Presidential Election Game , Yale University Press, 1978, 2nd edition, AK Peters 2008
  • Editor with A. Schotter, G. Schwödiauer, Applied Game Theory: Proceedings of a Conference, Vienna, 1978 , Würzburg: Physica-Verlag, 1979.
  • Biblical Games: Game Theory and the Hebrew Bible , MIT Press, 1980, 2nd edition 2003
  • Editors with William F. Lucas, Philip D. Straffin, Jr .: Modules in Applied Mathematics: Political and Related Models, Volume 2. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1983.
  • with Peter C. Fishburn: Approval Voting , Birkhäuser Boston, 1983, Springer Verlag 2007
  • Superior Beings: If They Exist, How Would We Know? Game-Theoretic Implications of Omniscience, Omnipotence, Immortality, and Incomprehensibility. Springer-Verlag, 1983, 2nd edition 2007
  • Superpower Games: Applying Game Theory to Superpower Conflict , Yale University Press, 1985.
  • Rational Politics: Decisions, Games, and Strategy. Washington, DC: CQ Press, 1985, Academic Press, 1989.
  • with D. Marc Kilgour, Game Theory and National Security. New York: Basil Blackwell, 1988.
  • Negotiation Games: Applying Game Theory to Bargaining and Arbitration. New York: Routledge, 1990, 2nd edition 2003
  • Theory of Moves , Cambridge University Press, 1994.
  • with Alan D. Taylor: Fair Division: From Cake-Cutting to Dispute Resolution , Cambridge University Press 1996.
  • with Alan D. Taylor: The Win-Win Solution: Guaranteeing Fair Shares to Everybody , WW Norton, 1999
  • Mathematics and Democracy: Designing Better Voting and Fair-Division Procedures , Princeton University Press, 2008.
  • Editor with William V. Gehrlein, Fred S. Roberts: The Mathematics of Preference, Choice, and Order: Essays in Honor of Peter C. Fishburn. , Springer, 2009.
  • Game Theory and the Humanities: Bridging Two Worlds , MIT Press, 2011.
  • with Michael A. Jones, Christian Klamler: Better Ways to Cut a Cake , Notices of the American Mathematical Society, Volume 53, December 2006, Online

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Brams, Taylor An Envy-Free Cake Division Protocol , The American Mathematical Monthly, Volume 102, 1995, pp. 9-18