Tamar Abakelia

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Tamar Abakelia ( Georgian თამარ აბაკელია ; Russian Тамара Григорьевна Абакелия Tamara Grigoryevna Abakelia * August 19 jul. / 1. September  1905 greg. In Honi , Imereti , † 14. May 1953 in Tbilisi ) was a Georgian sculptor , painter , stage and costume designer .

Live and act

She studied from 1924 to 1929 at the State Academy of Arts in Tbilisi under Nikolas Porfirewitsch Kandelaki, where she herself taught as a professor since 1938.

Her father Grigor Abakelia, a functionary in the Georgian Soviet Republic, and her uncle Josif Abakelia ( Georgian იოსებ აბაკელია ), a well-known Georgian tuberculosis specialist , were executed during the Stalinist Great Purge in 1938. She was married to the socialist poet and dramaturge Karlo Kaladse (1907–1988), her son was the sculptor Gulda Kaladze (1932–1974).


  • Order of the Red Banner of Labor
  • Honored Artist of the Georgian SSR (1942)


Abakelia's works show a peculiar romantic elation, but a monumentality emerges in her national pictures and sculptures. In the 1930s and 1940s her work belonged to the style of socialist realism . Her works were posthumously included in the 2015 overview show Post-Stalinist Liberalization of Georgian Painting by the Georgian National Gallery .

  • 1936–1937 Fries at the former Institute for Marxism-Leninism, Tbilisi. The work shows the various stages in the history of the Georgian Soviet Republic.
  • 1952 Monument to the Ukrainian poet Lesja Ukrajinka in Surami , Georgia
  • The first tractor , painting
  • Giorgi Saakadze , painting, Georgian National Museum, Tbilisi

Her illustrations include:


  • L. Shanidze: თამარ აბაკელია. (Tamar Abakelia). In: ქართული საბჭოთა ენციკლოპედია ( Georgian Soviet Encyclopedia ). Tbilisi 1975, Volume 1: ა – ატოცი. P. 12.
  • Alexander Mikaberidze (Ed.): Abakelia, Tamar. In: Dictionary of Georgian National Biography. 2006, georgianbiography.com ( Memento of January 29, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) - (English).

Web links

Commons : Tamar Abakelia  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Post-Stalin Liberalization in Georgian Painting , exhibition information (English, Georgian).