Thurland Castle is a country house in the English county of Lancashire that has been converted into apartments. Originally it was surrounded by a moat , was used for defense and was in a large parkland. It was one of a series of castles in the Lune Valley . English Heritage has it as a historical building II *. Grade listed. The house is on a small hill on a plain between the villages of Cantsfield and Tunstall . The River Greta flows past in the south and the Cant Beck in the north.
The oldest masonry still in existence today dates from the 14th century. In 1402 Sir Thomas Tunstall received royal permission to fortify his house (English: "License to Crenellate"). After the death of Sir Thomas Tunstall, the house fell to his son Thomas and later to his brother Brian . Brian Tunstall was a hero in the Battle of Flodden Field in 1513, whom the king called "Stainless Steel Knight" and who was immortalized in Sir Walter Scott's poem Marmion - A Tale of Flodden Field . Brian Tunstall's son, Marmaduke , was High Sheriff of Lancashire in 1544 . After two or three more generations, the family sold the house to John Girlington in 1605 , then it fell to his grandson, Sir John Girlington , a royalist major general in the English Civil War . The castle was badly damaged by parliamentary troops during the siege in 1643, after which it was described as "ruined". Sir John Girlingtons son, also named John , was High Sheriff of Lancashire in 1663 .
In 1810, architect Jeffry Wyattville converted the castle into a country house and George Webster continued from 1826–1829, but in 1876 it burned down. The owner, Mr North North , hired architects Paley and Austin to rebuild it. What you can see today is mostly their work. The work started in 1879, employed over 100 people, and it wasn't finished until 1885. The house and stables were later converted into various luxury apartments.
The building was made of sandstone fracture built and has slate roofs . It mainly consists of two wings to the north and west of the courtyard. Architecturally, it is a mixture of New Elizabethan and Neo-Gothic styles. The building is accessed via an arched bridge over the moat. The windows are either coupled or coupled and battled and there are two towers, one of which is two stories and the other is three. Many of the parapets are crenellated . There are terraces with bastions around the building .
- Thurland Castle . Historic England. English Heritage. Retrieved October 20, 2016.
- Leslie Irving Gibson: Lancashire Castles and Towers . Dalesman Books, Clapham 1977. p. 45.
- Clare Hartwell, Nikolaus Pevsner: The Buildings of England . Chapter: Lancashire North . Yale University Press, New Haven and London 2009 (1969). ISBN 978-0-300-12667-9 . P. 673.
- Thesta Scogland: The Girlington Family . Gateway Press, 1976.
- Geoff Brandwood, Tim Austin, John Hughes, James Price: The Architecture of Sharpe, Paley and Austin . English Heritage, Swindon 2012. ISBN 978-1-84802-049-8 . Pp. 131, 231.