Czechoslovak New Wave
The Czechoslovak New Wave (also Czech New Wave ) describes a productive phase of film production in Czechoslovakia in the 1960s. The liberalization of the socialist regime and the lifting of censorship allowed filmmakers to make films that were critical of society. With the suppression of the Prague Spring and the policy of so-called normalization , the New Wave ended.
The Czechoslovak New Wave took inspiration from the Czech avant-garde literature of the Devětsil group and international film movements such as the French Nouvelle Vague , Italian Neorealism and American Direct Cinema . The films are stylistically very different, but all show a great willingness to experiment. There is a tendency towards light-hearted comedy, but criticism of the political system is incorporated into it. Long improvised dialogues, black and absurd humor and the use of amateur actors were typical. Also, the documentary had part in the movement, he was of the Cinéma vérité inspired.
Representatives of the Czechoslovak New Wave are the directors Milos Forman , Věra Chytilová , Ivan Passer , Jaroslav Papoušek , Antonín Máša , Pavel Juráček , Jiří Menzel , Jan Němec , Jaromil Jireš , Evald Schorm , Vojtěch Jasný , Jan Schmidt , Zbyněk Brynych , Juraj Herz , Juraj Jakubisko , Peter Solan , Štefan Uher , Ján Kadár and Elo Havetta .
- The Black Peter ( Černý Petr ) by Miloš Forman, 1963
- From something else ( O něčem jiném ) by Věra Chytilová, 1963
- Nocturnal diamonds ( Démanty noci ) by Jan Němec, 1964
- Long Live the Republic ( Ať žije republika ) by Karel Kachyňa, 1965
- Juraj Herz's cremator ( Spalovač mrtvol ), 1965
- Love according to the timetable ( Ostře sledované vlaky ) by Jiří Menzel, 1966
- Daisies ( Sedmikrásky ) by Věra Chytilová, 1966
- About the festival and its guests ( O slavnosti a hostech ) by Jan Němec, 1966
- The Love of a Blonde ( Lásky jedné plavovlásky ) by Miloš Forman, 1966
- The Fire Brigade Ball ( Hoří, má panenko ) by Miloš Forman, 1968
- Birds, Orphans , Fools ( Vtáčkovia, siroty a blázni ) by Juraj Jakubisko, 1969
- A case for an apprentice executioner ( Případ pro začínajícího kata ) by Pavel Juráček, 1969
- Peter Hames: The Czechoslovak New Wave . Berkeley et al. 1985
- Antonín Jaroslav Liehm : Closely Watched Films. The Czechoslovak Experience . White Plains 1974
- Jonathan L. Owen: Avant-garde to New Wave. Czechoslovak cinema, surrealism and the Sixties New York, Oxford 2011
- Hana Slavíková: Český a slovenský televizní film šedesátých let. Průniky s novou vlnou . Brno 2007
- Philipp Brunner: Czechoslovakian New Wave. In: Lexicon of film terms. Hans J. Wulff and Theo Bender, accessed on May 26, 2014 .