Venne and his mill were first mentioned in a document from 1087. The farmers Broxten, Niewedde and Vorwalde not only formed the parish of Venne, but also the Bailiwick of Venne. From the 19th century until 1972, Venne was a joint municipality to which the three municipalities Broxten, Niewedde and Vorwalde belonged. The population rose from 650 inhabitants in 1650 to 2000 in 1848. Today almost 3000 people live in Venne. The first church was built in 1290; after the Thirty Years' War the parish of Venne became Lutheran. In 1847, today's Walburgis Church , built according to plans by the architect Quaet-Faslem , replaced the previous building. Vennes population lived mainly from agriculture. Many well - preserved half - timbered farms in scenic locations still bear witness to this today . Over half of the population consisted of hirers . This section of the population also formed the majority of the approximately 1500 emigrants who left Venne for America in the 19th century.
After the Second World War , Venne took in a large number of refugees and displaced persons . In 1950 they made up more than a quarter of the population. Many of them have made their home in Venne. At the beginning of the 1960s, the first new development area, the "Hiese" settlement, was designated. In the 1970s the Mühlenbach settlement and in the 1980s the building areas “Auf dem Kampe” and “In der Strothe” were added. With the influx of repatriates , Venne continued to grow. In the 1990s, the "Hedlage" building area was settled, and since autumn 1999 there has also been a lot of building activity in the youngest building area, "Am Esch".
Important local employers are the construction company Schomaker, agriculture and the company Meyer zu Venne ("Waffel-Meyer"), which operates the largest ice cream cone factory in Europe in Venne . Around 3 billion waffles are produced there every year. The waste heat from this factory has been used to heat the village since the end of 2015. For this purpose, a community energy cooperative was founded, which set up a local heating network to which, in addition to several public buildings, around 150 households are connected (as of 2015). Using heat exchangers, the hot exhaust air produced in the factory is used to heat water, which circulates in pipes with a total length of 11 km and then supplies individual buildings. The cooperative was awarded a prize by the Climate and Energy Agency Lower Saxony for the project .
The Venners find extensive leisure activities in over 30 clubs . The largest, the gymnastics and sports club Venne, has over 1,200 members. Other large clubs such as the Schützenverein (600 members) also do valuable youth work. The Venne Heimat- und Wanderverein is committed to maintaining the homeland.
Offers for tourists
The "Heimat- und Wanderverein Venne" founded in 1973 maintains the following facilities:
- 120 kilometers of hiking trails in the Venne area, including the regional "Birkenweg"
- two shelters
- Venner observation tower, a 20 m high wooden tower built in 1976 on the Venner Berg , which was completely renovated in 2000
- a Kneipp water treading facility
- the lime kiln cultural monument of the Hollewedde farm
- Museum two islands with a bakery , a bleaching hut , two sheds , a stable and a forging (at Thanksgiving the association held on the Mühleinsel a village market and baking day)
- the Venner Mühle cultural monument; In the mill the Heimat- und Wanderverein Venne e. V. also set up a village museum on Venner history; There is also various information about Venne available: hiking trail brochures, mill brochures, two home books and various home books on Venner history; Video films and a slideshow complete the information offered; the Heimat- und Wanderverein Venne e. V. deals with the development and maintenance of the facilities mentioned in two working groups, also intensively with the history of the village; the Venner Mühle is open to the public all summer on Sundays from 11 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Other dates in the calendar of the “Heimat- und Wanderverein” are cycling and walking tours, a kale meal and a year-end meal with a slide show. The club's own traditional costume group also appears at many of these events.
The medieval market has been held on Mühleninsel for five years .
- Waffle heat heats an entire village . In: Norddeutscher Rundfunk , November 29, 2015. Accessed November 30, 2015.
- Stella Essmann: Where the waffles for the Osnabrücker Schlecks come from. In: noz.de. Neue Osnabrücker Zeitung , July 11, 2019, accessed on August 1, 2020 .
- Venner observation tower on the website of the municipality of Ostercappeln
- eisenzeithaus.de Eisenzeithaus Darpvenne (PDF file; 1.04 MB)