|coat of arms||Germany map|
Coordinates: 52 ° 19 ′ N , 8 ° 22 ′ E
|Basic data (as of 1972)|
|State :||Lower Saxony|
|Administrative region :||Osnabrück|
|Administrative headquarters :||Wittlage|
|Area :||314.13 km 2|
|Residents:||28,300 (Dec. 31, 1971)|
|Population density :||90 inhabitants per km 2|
|License plate :||WTL|
|Circle key :||03 5 38|
|Circle structure:||31 municipalities|
The district of Wittlage was a district in the former administrative district of Osnabrück in Lower Saxony . The seat of the district administration was in Wittlage Castle , the former seat of the bailiff, in the municipality of Wittlage (today a district of Bad Essen). The most important places were Bohmte and Bad Essen . The district bordered in the north on the districts of Diepholz and Vechta , in the east on the North Rhine-Westphalian district of Lübbecke , in the south on the district of Melle and in the west on the districts of Osnabrück and Bersenbrück .
When speaking of the communities of the former district area, the terms Altkreis Wittlage and Wittlager Land are often used today.
The southern district area is characterized by the Wiehengebirge . The highest point is officially the Schwarzen Brink (211 m) in Lintorf. However, an unnamed arable land north of Büscherheide is 215 m above sea level. NN . The northern district area is flat and characterized by moors in the northwest . Most of the district is drained northwards via the Hunte .
Beginning in 1972, the district bordered in a clockwise direction in the north with the districts of Vechta , Grafschaft Diepholz (both in Lower Saxony), the district of Lübbecke (in North Rhine-Westphalia ) and the districts of Melle , Osnabrück and Bersenbrück (all again in Lower Saxony).
The Wittlage district was formed in 1885 from the Wittlage office of the Kingdom of Hanover . The Wittlage office in its former form was formed in 1859 from the two offices of Hunteburg (today's Bohmte and Ostercappeln communities ) and Wittlage (today's Bad Essen community ). On July 1, 1972, the Wittlage district was combined with the Bersenbrück , Melle and Osnabrück districts to form the new Osnabrück district . The municipalities in the district were combined in the municipalities of Bad Essen, Bohmte and Ostercappeln.
- 1885–1890 Franz Albert Siemens
- 1890–1900 Paul Telschow
- 1900 Count von dem Busche-Ippenburg ( substitute )
- 1900–1905 Ferdinand von Schoenaich-Carolath
- 1905–1911 Hans von Raumer (1870–1965)
- 1911–1918 Ernst Dugend
- 1918–1920 Hans Georg von Münchhausen
- 1920–1925 Adolf Rath
- 1925–1943 Erich Glaß
- 1943–1945 Gustav Lemke ( substitute )
The economy was long characterized by agriculture . Only after the Second World War did a certain degree of industrialization take place, particularly in Bohmte and in the eastern part of the district.
The district area was originally well developed in terms of traffic. Only at the end of the 1960s did the traffic conditions deteriorate in comparison to the surrounding area due to the construction of motorways 1 and 30 .
The federal highways 51 , 65 and 218 open up the former district area. The Bremen – Münster railway line and the Wittlager Kreisbahn private railway also run through the area. The Mittelland Canal crosses the district from west to east.
The following list contains all municipalities of the district with their population as of May 27, 1970 and their current affiliation.
|local community||Ew. 1970||Today's
|Bad food||2,441||Bad food|
On July 1, 1956, the district was assigned the distinctive sign WTL when the vehicle registration number that is still valid today was introduced . It was issued until October 11, 1972. Due to the license plate liberalization , it has been available in the Osnabrück district since June 11, 2018 .
- Wolfgang Huge: The old district of Wittlage. Pictures from days gone by. Sutton Verlag, Erfurt 2007, ISBN 978-3-86680-207-0 .
- Wolfgang Huge: The Wittlager Land. Sutton Verlag, Erfurt 2008, ISBN 978-3-86680-295-7 .
- Wolfgang Huge: The Wittlager Land. Stories from its history. BooksOnDemand, 2010, ISBN 978-3-8391-2411-6 .
- Wolfgang Huge: The district of Wittlage 1933–1972. National Socialism, Post-War Years and Economic Miracles, BooksOn Demand, 2012, ISBN 978-3-8482-1013-8
- Roswitha Poppe: The district of Wittlage. His architectural and art monuments , ed. from the district of Wittlage. Bad Essen 1966.
- Wittlage district administrative history and the district administrators on the website territorial.de (Rolf Jehke), as of November 18, 2013.
- ↑ Altkreis Wittlage , hunteburg.de, accessed on May 19, 2020.
- ^ Regional management and ILEK Wittlager Land , wittlagerland.eu, accessed on May 19, 2020.
- ^ District regulation for the province of Hanover (1884)
- ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 260 .
- ↑ Statistical Yearbook for the Federal Republic of Germany 1973