Association of allotment gardeners, settlers and small animal breeders

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Association emblem
Gardens as recreational areas in the GDR
Membership numbers

The Association of Allotment Gardeners, Settlers and Small Animal Breeders ( VKSK for short ) was a mass organization in the German Democratic Republic that was dissolved in 1990 .


Forerunners of the VKSK were local and district associations of allotment gardening, which were founded as a result of the "Orders on the formation of allotment garden aid of the FDGB " issued on November 23, 1948 . The "allotment garden aid of the FDGB e. V. “was recognized as a non-profit organization on March 20, 1950 , and on July 3, 1952, the secretariat of the FDGB's federal executive board agreed to its detachment.

The establishment of the VKSK as an independent mass organization then required two attempts. On July 15, 1952, the Politburo of the SED decided to form the association. A central association was constituted on October 16, 1952 and began its work on January 1, 1953. The Central Committee (ZK) of the SED rejected the formation of the association on May 11, 1953. A discussion broke out about the reorganization of the association, as a result of which the ZK decided on December 9, 1953 to dissolve the central association and build up the VKSK, limited to local and district levels.

The Council of Ministers of the GDR issued on 22 April 1954, the "Regulation for the promotion of allotment and settlement and raising small animals," which laid the foundations for a new association was founded, with the proviso that the future VKSK should operate the planning of allotments. The already existing district associations were subordinated to the local councils and managed there as a legal entity.

On April 22, 1959, the Central Committee agreed to the re-establishment of the Central Association of the VKSK. This was founded on November 29, 1959 in Leipzig and was organized centrally as an independent organization. With the "Ordinance on allotment gardens and settlement systems and the breeding of small animals" of December 3, 1959, the VKSK was now recognized (Section 1, Paragraph 1) and was given the sole right to build allotment gardens (Section 4). In 1962 the VKSK had around 850,000 members. Association days in Leipzig (1963 and 1966) and Berlin (1965) followed.

The SED took on May 22, 1976 on their IX. Congress launched a new program, due to which the allotment gardeners were more socially recognized and promoted. On September 15, 1977, the GDR government ordered the number of allotment gardens to be increased. Further association days took place in Magdeburg (1977), Karl-Marx-Stadt (1982) and Dresden (1988).

In 1988 the VKSK had around 1.5 million members. In addition to the division of allotment holders specialist divisions were like Fowl - Rassekaninchen-, ornamental fowl -, Exoten- and canaries - Edelpelztier-, goat and Milchschafe-, pedigree dogs and Rassekatzen- and - Beekeepers connected.

First secretaries of the board



The Extraordinary Association Day on October 27, 1990 in Berlin dissolved the organization on December 31, 1990. A large number of garden associations emerged from the district associations in the typical GDR dacha settlements . The organized allotment gardeners and allotment garden associations from the VKSK today belong to the all-German Federal Association of German Gardeners .

Due to the Bavarian successor regulation to the radical decree, applicants in Bavaria for the public service have to declare a position in the VKSK. There is a similar regulation in Thuringia.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. DDR GBl. I 1960 p. 1
  2. Ines Wallrodt: Suspicious attitude in Neues Deutschland from April 4, 2012