|Data on the structure|
|Lock type:||Earthfill dam|
|Height of the barrier structure :||6 m|
|Crown length:||1.5 km|
|Crown width:||5.5 m|
|Data on the reservoir|
|Water surface||48 ha|
|Reservoir length||850 m|
|Reservoir width||1000 m|
The Weißenstädter See is a 48 hectare reservoir west of Weißenstadt in the saddle between Schneeberg and Waldstein in the Fichtelgebirge . The lake can be classified as a eutrophic , unstratified flat lake with a maximum depth of 3.5 m. It serves as a recreational lake, flood retention basin, bird sanctuary and drinking water extraction system. In contrast to the numerous fish ponds in the Weißenstädter Basin, fish farming is not of great importance, as the water level is lowered in autumn.
By 1816 there was already an artificially created reservoir at this point, the formation of which is dated around 1346. In 1476 he was mentioned in a document in the town letter of freedom from Weißenstadt, in 1499 in the land register of the six offices as "Großer Weiher" with 150 daily work . It belonged to the sovereign and served as the "main pond" for fish farming. The fishing took place every two years at the end of October, with emptying taking a week. A messenger on horseback had to inform the places lying on the Eger about the expected great surge of water.
The two days of fishing were embellished with a feast, with the court fish master from Bayreuth in the wake of higher officials. The harvest of fishing, mainly carp , was brought to Bayreuth in wooden barrels; 24 to 25 wagons were necessary for this. The peasantry in the area was called in for the “Roßfrohn”, the carts were on the road for three days. On January 1, 1792, Margrave Carl Alexander sold the Margraviate Bayreuth and with it the Weißenstädter Weiher to his Prussian cousins.
The land fishery, which had meanwhile been working at a loss, was closed and the pond was leased to private individuals. On September 26, 1816, the Bavarian state, the then owner, ordered the public sale to the highest bidder; It was acquired by Nathan Salmstein from Nuremberg, who had the water drained in 1820 and sold the land obtained in this way to the population in individual parcels. However, since most of the lake bed consisted of boggy and boggy soils, it was extremely difficult to use. The wet meadows on the former lake bed were acidic and not very productive. Since the Second World War , ever larger areas of acidic meadows and wasteland have formed. As part of the land consolidation ordered in 1972, the city of Weißenstadt acquired the parcels of the former pond area in order to rebuild the reservoir.
The reservoir was completed in 1976, is owned by the city of Weißenstadt and is located in the precipitation and catchment area of Eger and Hirtenbach. The nominal water level is 613 m above sea level. NN , the greatest storage depth five meters. To realize the project, an earth dam with a clay core about six meters high and 5.5 meters wide at the top was poured over a length of 1.5 kilometers; Concrete was only installed in the area of the drain. The normal drainage is carried out by an adjustable pond monk who flood discharge through adjustable Sagittarius . Due to the lowering of the lake water level in autumn, the peaks of winter floods and snowmelt are intercepted. The lake serves as a natural, huge flood retention basin. Above the lake is the water protection area (WSG) of HEW HofEnergie + Wasser GmbH with a size of 1460 hectares, where up to two million m³ / year of drinking water is taken from 17 deep wells. After the sewage system in all districts in the catchment area by 1996 and the connection to the sewage treatment plant, the main problem is the diffuse nutrient inputs into the ground and surface water.
The Weißenstädter See lies in the Weißenstädter basin. In order to ensure the drinking and bathing water quality in the Weißenstädter See, the diffuse nutrient inputs from the Weißenstädter Basin must be reduced. The research project DBU Water connects the University of Bayreuth , which ended in December 2004, made recommendations for the sustainable use of the lake. The project area comprised the Eger river basin from the source to Weißenstadt, which has a size of 32 square kilometers.
The Weißenstädter See is a recreational lake with tourist use. Parking spaces are located in the south and north. The following leisure activities are available: swimming, sailing, surfing, boating, fishing, beach volleyball, netball and roller skating . The city of Weißenstadt and the State Fisheries Association each share half of the fishing rights. If you buy a fishing license, you can fish for carp and predatory fish in the lake. In the northern area there is a bird sanctuary; the inaccessible area is a retreat for birds and plant communities such as grass grass and tall herbaceous vegetation. The city center of Weißenstadt and the municipal spa park with the ruins of the Erhard Ackermann stone grinding shop border the lake, from which hiking trails lead to the lake. At the parking lot of the spa park there is an information point of the Fichtelgebirge nature park about the biotope and the Eger river , which flows through the Weißenstädter See. On August 18, 2007, the radon spa and relaxation hotel was opened on the south-west bank of the lake with an investment volume of three million euros.
The book of hours by Eugen Gomringer
A 3.8 kilometer long asphalt poetry path circles the lake. Fourteen steles made from the various types of rock in the Fichtelgebirge with carved poems have been lining the circular route since 2004. On the steles are texts from Eugen Gomringer's book of hours , which, with their concrete poetry, form a path that invites you to meditate.
According to the 24 hours of a day, Eugen Gomringer's book of hours is made up of 24 words and the pair of opposites yours and mine. For example, the 22nd period contains the following text:
- YOUR SILENCE
- MY POEM
- YOUR SILENCE
- MY DREAM
- YOUR SILENCE
- MY HOUR
Funding was provided by sponsors and the Laura and Franz Leopold Foundation Weißenstadt, the steles designed by Willi Seiler from Wunsiedel and the natural stone work was carried out by the granite factory Ludwig Popp from Schurbach.
- Eugen Gomringer : Poetry about the Weissenstädter See. The book of hours by Eugen Gomringer. Photo: Marcellus Kaiser. Kaiser, Rehau 2006. ISBN 978-3-939426-00-4 and ISBN 3-939426-00-8
- Research project "Water connects" at the University of Bayreuth
- The Weißenstädter See (pdf from 2003). (862 kB)
- Final report: Sustainable land use in the Weißenstadt basin. Introduction of integrated catchment area management to protect groundwater and surface waters (pdf from 2005) (1.45 MB)
- Poetry around the lake. Steles at the Weißenstädter See.
- The Weißenstädter See