William d'Aubigny, 3rd Earl of Arundel

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The coat of arms of William d'Aubigny, 3rd Earl of Arundel.

William d'Aubigny, 3rd Earl of Arundel (also William de Albini ; * around 1174 ; † before March 30, 1221 near Rome ) was an English magnate .


William d'Aubigny came from the Anglo-Norman noble family Aubigny. He was a son of William d'Aubigny, 2nd Earl of Arundel , and his wife Matilda de Saint-Hilaire, widow of Roger de Clare, 2nd Earl of Hertford and daughter and heiress of James de St Hilaire, Baron von Field Dalling in Norfolk. After the death of his father on December 13, 1193, he inherited his extensive estates and the title of Earl of Arundel . His possessions included Buckenham in Norfolk and the Honor of Arundel in Sussex. After the death of his mother Mathilda in 1195, however, he could not enforce his inheritance claim to his grandfather's estates in Norfolk and Northampton , which fell to his half-brother Richard de Clare, 4th Earl of Hertford . Nevertheless, he was one of the most powerful barons in England, and he also owned properties in Normandy , but were lost in the Franco-English War when Normandy was conquered by the French king in 1204. Aubigny acquired the guardianship of his half-sister Avelina, a daughter from his mother's first marriage after her first husband died, and married her to Geoffrey fitz Peter, 1st Earl of Essex .


Aubigny was a favorite of King John , with whom he fought in Normandy in the late 1190s. Johann rewarded him with the cancellation of debts and the transfer of properties, which he was allowed to administer for only small fees. On behalf of the king he negotiated in the summer of 1209 with Stephen Langton , the new Archbishop of Canterbury who had been rejected by the king. After Johann had to give way in this conflict, Aubigny testified on May 15, 1213 with the submission of the king to the papal legate , afterwards he was one of the magnates who welcomed Archbishop Langton on arrival from his exile in England.

During the rebellion of the barons in 1215 remained Aubigny and was initially royalist one of the representatives of the king in the sealing of the Magna Carta in June 1215. During the First War of the Barons , however, he moved to the arrival of the French prince Louis in the spring of 1216 in England on 14 June on the side of the rebels. After the Battle of Lincoln in May 1217, he rejoined the Royal Party and supported the new King Henry III. After the end of the Barons' War, he joined other English barons, including his brother-in-law Ranulph de Blondeville, 4th Earl of Chester , on the Damiette Crusade and set out from England in May 1218. In November 1219 he took part in the conquest of Damiette in Egypt. During the return trip to England he died in Cainell near Rome , his body was transferred to Wymondham Abbey in Norfolk .

Family and offspring

William d'Aubigny married Mabel († after 1232), the second eldest daughter of Hugh de Kevelioc, 3rd Earl of Chester . He had several children with her, including:

  • William d'Aubigny, 4th Earl of Arundel († 1224);
  • Hugh d'Aubigny, 5th Earl of Arundel († 1243);
  • Maud d'Aubigny († before 1242) ⚭ Robert de Tatteshall († 1249);
  • Isabel d'Aubigny ⚭ John FitzAlan, Lord of Clun and Oswestry († 1240);
  • Nicole d'Aubigny ⚭ Roger de Somery, Lord of Dudley († before 1273);
  • Cicely d'Aubigny ⚭ Roger de Montalt, Lord of Montalt.

His heir became his eldest son William, after his childless death in August 1224, his second son Hugh became his heir. He also died in 1243 without a direct heir, so that the estates were divided between Aubigny's four daughters and their descendants. Arundel Castle and the claim to the title Earl of Arundel fell to the descendants of his daughter Isabel from the House of FitzAlan .


  • Mark A. Tierney: The History and Antiquities of the Castle and Town of Arundel, including the biography of its Earls, from the conquest to the present time 1 (1834), pp. 184-185

Web links

Commons : William d'Aubigny, 3rd Earl of Arundel  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Michael Altschul: A baronial family in medieval England. The Clares. The Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore 1965, p. 25
predecessor Office successor
William d'Aubigny Earl of Arundel
William d'Aubigny