Vladimir Iossifowitsch Weksler
Vladimir Veksler ( Russian Владимир Иосифович Векслер ., Scientific transliteration Vladimir Veksler Iosifovič , born February 19 . Jul / 4. March 1907 greg. In Zhitomir ; † 22. September 1966 in Moscow ) was a Soviet physicist .
Weksler studied at the Lomonosov University in Moscow, where he made his diploma in electrical engineering in 1931, received his doctorate in physics in 1934 ( Russian candidate ) and completed his habilitation in 1934 (Russian doctorate). From 1930 to 1936 he was at the All Union Institute for Electrical Engineering, then until 1956 at the Lebedev Institute and then for the rest of his career at the United Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna . Weksler was director there and responsible for the construction of the 10 GeV proton synchrophasotron (built 1953 to 1957). During this time he kept his contacts with the Lebedev Institute and also taught at Lomonosov University.
At the Lebedev Institute, he also studied cosmic radiation , for which he took part in expeditions to Central Asia.
In 1945 , independently of Edwin Mattison McMillan, he laid the foundations for the construction of the synchrotron at the Lebedew Institute. The development of the phase focusing is essential here, taking into account the relativistic increase in mass of the accelerated particles.
Weksler belonged to the Soviet Academy of Sciences . He founded their journal for nuclear physics and was their first editor.
Weksler advocated international cooperation early on. For several years he headed the Commission for High Energy Physics of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics . On October 24, 1963, he and Edwin Mattison McMillan received the Atoms for Peace Award .
Awards and honors
- three orders of Lenin (1945, 1951, 1953)
- 1951 Stalin Prize
- 1959 Lenin Prize
- 1962 Order of the Red Labor Banner
Since 1994, the Russian Academy of Sciences has awarded the Weksler Prize for outstanding achievements in the field of accelerator physics .
- Andrew Sessler, Edmund Wilson Engines of Discovery , World Scientific 2007
- The enduring legacy of Vladimir Veksler . In: Cern Courier . tape 47 , no. 5 , June 7, 2007, pp. 43 (English, cern.ch [PDF]).
- Edwin M. McMillan: Obituary: Vladimir Iosifovich Veksler . In: Physics Today . tape 19 , no. 11 , 1966, pp. 103 , doi : 10.1063 / 1.3047795 (English).
- Article Wladimir Iossifowitsch Weksler in the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (BSE) , 3rd edition 1969–1978 (Russian)http: //vorlage_gse.test/1%3D003760~2a%3D~2b%3DWladimir%20Iossifowitsch%20Weksler
- Literature by and about Vladimir Iossifowitsch Weksler in the bibliographic database WorldCat
- ↑ VI Veksler: Новый метод ускорения релятивистских частиц . In: Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR . tape 44 , no. 8 , 1944, pp. 346 (Russian, jinr.ru [PDF] A new method for accelerating relativistic particles).
- ↑ according to mit.edu, Cern Courier names 1957
- ↑ Documents on the award and its award in the MIT archive, on libraries.mit.edu, viewed December 2, 2009 (PDF, English; 50 kB)
- ↑ a b c d Wladimir Weksler biography on page Lomonossow University Moscow. Retrieved June 24, 2018 (Russian).
- ^ W. I. Weksler Prize. Russian Academy of Sciences, accessed August 5, 2018 ( Russian Премия имени В.И. Векслера ).
|SURNAME||Weksler, Vladimir Iossifowitsch|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Veksler, Vladimir Iosifovič; Векслер, Владимир Иосифович (Russian)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||soviet physicist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||March 4, 1907|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Zhitomir|
|DATE OF DEATH||September 22, 1966|
|Place of death||Moscow|