The individual states are often entered in a phase diagram . Depending on the plot, a single point usually corresponds to a state in the state space , but sometimes all points of a phase line or area also belong to a single state.
In statistical mechanics (statistical thermodynamics) there is the following distinction:
- In the case of the microstate , the individual locations and impulses of all particles are given, so the microstate corresponds to a point in phase space .
- the macrostate is an indication of mean values such as temperature, pressure and density. A macrostate includes all microstates that are compatible with the specified state variables.
Example coin toss
KZKKZZKK is a special microstate.
5x K and 3x Z is then the macrostate to which microstates belong (the number results from the combinatorics as a permutation of objects of two classes K and Z, taking into account the sequence).