|Sleeve shape||Edge sleeve|
|Sleeve shoulder ⌀||7.04 mm|
|Sleeve neck ⌀||6.16-6.22 mm|
|Floor ⌀||5.7 mm|
|Cartridge bottom ⌀||8.89 mm|
|Sleeve length||35.64 mm|
|Cartridge length||Max. 43.76 mm|
|Bullet weight||2.3-3.6 g
(35-55 grain )
|Powder weight||0.58-0.84 g
(9-13 grain )
|Speed v 0||612-930 m / s|
|Max. Gas pressure||3000 bar|
|Bullet energy E 0||640-1160 J.|
|Lists on the subject|
The .22 Hornet cartridge is a center fire cartridge used for hunting and sport shooting . The bullet caliber is 5.7 mm, the bullet mass is between 2.5 and 3.5 g. A wide variety of storey designs are available.
The illustration on the right shows a cartridge with a hollow-point bullet (with a ballistic hood ) and a partially jacketed bullet (deformation bullet). The left cartridge was loaded by hand and is a special cartridge for small game hunting.
The .22 Hornet cartridge was developed around 1930 by employees of the Springfield Arsenal ( USA ) interested in hunting . It was created by reshaping the case of the .22 Winchester Centerfire cartridge, which has existed since 1885, a cartridge initially loaded with black powder and later with low-smoke powder for hunting small game and for target shooting .
- Hunting sport shooting
- Benchrest shooting
- general sport shooting
- Hunting small game up to the size badger and marmot ( small game with the exception of seal and deer )
- Hunting larger game birds (e.g. goose )
In Germany it is forbidden to kill roe deer with the cartridge . The caliber has an E 100 (impact energy at 100 m) of less than 500 joules . In Germany a minimum energy of the projectile after 100 m flight of 1,000 joules is prescribed.
Notwithstanding the above-mentioned prohibition, fallow deer may also be stunned and killed in enclosures with rifle cartridges with a caliber of at least 5.6 millimeters and a muzzle energy of at least 300 joules, provided that:
- the shooting distance is less than 25 meters,
- the shot is fired from an elevated stand up to 4 meters high and
- the elevated stand is in a closed enclosure with an unpaved floor, the fencing of which is at least 1.80 meters high.
- very little recoil
- low noise development
- very good precision
- usable up to approx. 150 m
- good performance due to high speed (700-800 m / s)
The comparatively low noise level makes the .22 Hornet an ideal cartridge, which is preferably used when the crack of the shot is annoying (e.g. hunting in and close to inhabited areas) and small game is hunted. It is of great advantage that the cartridge safely and properly kills small game up to 100 m. This does not apply to the otherwise popular .22 lfB cartridge (a reasonable shooting distance up to ~ 50 m for hunting purposes ). The properties of the .22 WMR cartridge are between the two aforementioned cartridges.
The .22 Hornet cartridge is suitable for reloading , like almost any center fire cartridge . It can certainly also be loaded with black powder, which, however, does not make much sense in view of the modern high-performance powder available.
Reloading is almost always done to adapt to a specific weapon or barrel . The demands on precise and methodical work are high.
Guns for the .22 Hornet
The .22 Hornet is mainly used in combined weapons for hunting . The following come into consideration: Bergstutzen , the (over and under) rifle shotgun , the three-of-a-kind , in which a barrel is inserted into one of the shot barrels , and the over and under treble . However, there are also bolt action rifles (CZ, Anschütz, etc.) specially developed for hunting and sport shooting. However, these repeater are only used when precision is required. In the case of rifles with two or three barrels, the accuracy suffers, especially with several shots, because the barrel with the bullet is warmed up and warped by the hot gases during the shot, and this can change the point of impact of this barrel and the adjacent barrels significantly. Specially equipped rifles are definitely used for hunting sport shooting and benchrest shooting.
- Frank C. Barnes: Cartridges of the World , Krause Publications, Iola (Wisconsin) 2009, page 13, ISBN 978-0-89689-936-0
- Jean-Pierre Beurtheret: THE 22 HORNET , (on the history of the .22 Hornet) J-PB, imssu.org (PDF, 148 kB) ( Memento from March 14, 2017 in the Internet Archive )
- CIP 22 Hornet (PDF, 35.2 kB) ( Memento from July 14, 2017 in the Internet Archive )
- DEVA Reloading, 5th edition 2005, ISBN 3-00-016629-7 , p. 218
- Peter Keller, Dr. Reinhard Scholzen, Frank Weisser: Hornet Charm , Visor, issue 2/1997 (online PDF 3.11 MB) ( Memento from May 3, 2018 in the Internet Archive )
- Jean-Pierre Beurtheret: THE 22 HORNET
- RWS .22 Hornet 3.0 grams / 46 grains KTMS bullet: E 100 = 481 joules RWS | Rottweil :: Product view
- BJagdG § 19 Paragraph 1: It is forbidden ... Item 2. a) to shoot roe deer and seals with rifle cartridges whose impact energy at 100 m (E 100 ) is less than 1000 joules; b) to shoot all other hoofed game with rifle cartridges under a caliber of 6.5 mm; In caliber 6.5 mm and above, the rifle cartridges must have an impact energy at 100 m (E 100 ) of at least 2000 joules;
- Animal Welfare Slaughter Ordinance (TierSchlV), Appendix 1 to Section 12, Paragraphs 3 and 10, Sentence 2.4ff.