70 Pine Street
|70 Pine Street|
|Place:||New York City , United States|
|Construction time :||1930-1932|
|Architectural style :||Art deco|
|Architect :||Clinton & Russell, Holton & George|
|Use / legal|
|Owner :||Cream Eagle LLC|
|Client :||Cities Service Corporation|
|Height :||290.2 m|
|Height to the top:||290.2 m|
|Height to the roof:||259.1 m|
|Rank (height) :||10th place (New York)
21st place (USA)
|Building material :||Structure: steel ;
Facade: glass , granite
|Address:||70 Pine Street|
70 Pine Street (formerly Cities Service Building and American International Building ) is a skyscraper in eastern Lower Manhattan , New York City , which is one of the tallest in the city. The 290 meter high skyscraper was completed in 1932.
With its spire, the building is considered to be one of the most beautiful skyscrapers.
The building is located downtown in the Financial District and, with its 67 storeys, is extremely slim. It was the tallest building in Lower Manhattan since the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center . Currently (as of 2015) it ranks ninth among the tallest buildings in New York. When the building was completed in 1932, it was the third tallest building in the world until 1969, after the Empire State Building and the Chrysler Building, and thus also the third tallest in New York City, until the North Tower of the World Trade Center was completed in 1972. From 2001 to 2007, it was again the third tallest building in the city, until it was surpassed by the New York Times Tower and the Bank of America Tower in 2007 and 2008. The building lost its position as the tallest structure in Lower Manhattan in 2012 to the construction site of the One World Trade Center , whose final height since the topping-out ceremony in May 2013 is 541 meters. Since 2013, the Four World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan has also been seven meters higher than 70 Pine Street.
The building was built by Cities Service Corporation, a mineral oil company. That is why the name of the building was then Cities Service Building . After Cities Service moved their headquarters to Tulsa, Oklahoma, they sold the building to the American International Group (AIG) in 1976 . The building thus bore the name American International Building until 2012. After economic problems in the context of the financial crisis from 2007 onwards , AIG had to sell the building to real estate developer Sahne Eagle LLC. to sell. The building has been named after his address since the takeover.
Current plans envisage converting the building into a residential tower, with the lower floors serving as a hotel. A total of around 700 residential units and 300 hotel rooms are to be built.
There is an observation deck on the 66th floor with an impressive view of Lower Manhattan. The platform used to be accessible to visitors, later only employees in the building had access.
Architecturally, the gradual development of the spire out of the building was rated particularly positively. Here no eccentric crowning has been placed on an otherwise different-looking middle section, but rather an organic connection has been sought. One of the sensational innovations of this tower at the time: The top of the structure is a light cube a good ten meters high. That was something completely different from the previously used lanterns or the beacons. The difference that makes can only be experienced at night.
The shape of the entire building was carved into the stone at one of the entrances.
The building in the film
The building has been featured in a few movies so far: In the movie Spider-Man , the building was moved to Midtown Manhattan for the plot at the end of the film . It can also be seen in the films Armageddon , Independence Day , Aftershock: Earthquake in New York, Team America: World Police and Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow .
- Dirk Stichweh: New York Skyscrapers. Prestel Verlag, Munich et al. 2009, ISBN 978-3-7913-4054-8 .
- Pictures of the American International Building
- Size comparison of tallest buildings in New York City on SkyscraperPage
- Profile at SkyscraperPage
- CTBUH Tall Buildings Database , ctbuh.org
- Albert Amateau: New Landmark at 70 Pine Street. Downtown Express, June 29, 2011, accessed February 9, 2013 .
- Branden Klayko: Deborah Berke Designing 700 Residences in Lower Manhattan Art Deco Skyscraper. (No longer available online.) A / N Blog, November 21, 2012, archived from the original on November 29, 2012 ; Retrieved February 9, 2013 .