The term construction design describes the phase of construction of a structure with the help of construction technology . The individual steps of construction are defined in the construction process and are organized with the help of construction management .
The construction follows the construction process on the building design . It begins on the day of the first construction activity on the construction site . The "first groundbreaking " or the laying of the foundation stone is a symbolic beginning, which usually takes place after the actual start of construction.
The construction phase ends with the building acceptance of the building by the client or his construction management . Following this, the start of use of the building and the so called " warranty period ".
Due to the tight deadlines in the construction industry, there is often a large overlap between the construction phases. Construction planning is usually not yet completed when construction begins. The warranty phase can begin earlier for parts of the structure. For this purpose, interim acceptance tests are usually carried out.
The construction work takes place on the construction site. This includes all areas on the building site or in its immediate vicinity on which construction work is carried out or materials are stored. Construction work is carried out by construction workers and craftsmen using tools and construction machinery . The craftsmen are mostly organized in trades , the construction work is managed and coordinated by the construction management or a foreman . For compliance with the guidelines of the occupational health and safety is the safety and health coordinator in charge. The progress of the construction work is documented in a construction diary - usually with the help of construction software .
A wide variety of building materials are used in the construction of a structure . They are joined according to the construction principles of the respective building construction and construction method . The preparation of the property is followed by the excavation and the foundation of the structure. This is followed by the construction of the structure, usually in different construction phases. The building shell , which symbolically ends with the topping-out ceremony , is followed by expansion through to completion and building acceptance.
- 3D printing in construction
- Builder , site manager
- Construction site logistics , large construction site , interior work