Ada de Warenne

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Ada de Warenne (also Adeline de Varenne ; * around 1120, † 1178 ) was a Scottish noblewoman, the Anglo-Norman wife of Henry of Scotland , Earl of Northumbria and Earl of Huntingdon . She was the daughter of William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey and Elisabeth of Vermandois , and great-granddaughter of King Henry I of France . Among her children were two kings of Scotland, Malcolm IV and William I.


Ada and Heinrich were married in England in 1139. The Haddington Privileges in East Lothian were part of their equipment . Haddington was previously the seat of a thegn , then the first Royal Burgh in Scotland, furnished by Ada's father-in-law, King David I , which included the church and a mill.

Henry of Scotland and King David died in quick succession, in 1152 and 1153 , respectively. After the death of Henry, who was buried in Kelso Abbey , David named his grandson as his successor and on May 27, 1153 declared the 12-year-old King Malcolm in Scone IV. After his coronation, Malcolm installed his brother William as Earl of Northumbria (although this county was "restored" to King Henry II of England by Malcolm in 1157). Ada de Warenne retired to Haddington.

On December 9, 1165, King Malcolm died at the age of 24 with no heirs. His mother had tried to break the marriage between him and Constance, the daughter of Duke Conan III. of Brittany , but Malcolm's death ended those plans. Ada's younger son Wilhelm was the new king of Scotland at the age of 20 - he was to become the country's longest ruling king until the "Union of the Crowns" in 1603.

Ada's Haddington residence was near the current county buildings and courthouse. She died here in 1178 and was probably buried on site. Their possessions reverted to the king.


Ada de Warenne had six children:

Ada de Warenne is ascribed a fourth daughter by Roberts, Marjorie, wife of Gille Críst, 3rd Earl of Angus ; in the further literature this daughter is not mentioned or the wife Gille Crísts is referred to as unknown.


  • Alan Orr Anderson , Scottish Annals from English Chroniclers AD500 - 1286 , London, 1908
  • Archibald Dunbar, Scottish Kings - A Revised Chronology of Scottish History 1005-1625 , Edinburgh, 1899
  • James Miller, The Lamp of Lothian , Haddington, 1900
  • Richard Oram, The Canmores: Kings & Queens of the Scots 1040-1290 , Tempus, Stroud, 2002. ISBN 0-7524-2325-8
  • Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry , Baltimore, Md, 2005, ISBN 0-8063-1759-0
  • John L. Roberts, Lost Kingdoms, Celtic Scotland in the Middle Ages , Edinburgh 1997

Web links


  1. Anderson, p. 215.
  2. Miller, p. 2
  3. Anderson, p. 239
  4. Anderson, p. 243
  5. Oram, p. 51.
  6. Dunbar, p. 65
  7. Richardson, p. 99
  8. ^ Cawley
  9. Roberts, pp. 53-54
  10. Schwennicke
  11. ^ Cawley