Africa Eurasia

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Africa Eurasia
Ägypten Tunesien Libyen Algerien Marokko Mauretanien Senegal Gambia Guinea-Bissau Guinea Sierra Leone Liberia Elfenbeinküste Ghana Togo Benin Nigeria Äquatorialguinea Kamerun Gabun Republik Kongo Angola Demokratische Republik Kongo Namibia Südafrika Lesotho Swasiland Mosambik Tansania Kenia Somalia Dschibuti Eritrea Sudan Ruanda Uganda Burundi Sambia Malawi Simbabwe Botswana Äthiopien Südsudan Zentralafrikanische Republik Tschad Niger Mali Burkina Faso Jemen Oman Vereinigte Arabische Emirate Saudi-Arabien Irak Iran Kuwait Katar Bahrain Israel Syrien Libanon Jordanien Zypern Türkei Afghanistan Turkmenistan Pakistan Griechenland Italien Malta Frankreich Portugal Spanien Kanaren Kap Verde Mauritius Réunion Mayotte Komoren Seychellen Madagaskar São Tomé und Príncipe Sri Lanka Indien Indonesien Bangladesch Volksrepublik China Nepal Bhutan Myanmar Kanada Dänemark (Grönland) Island Mongolei Norwegen Schweden Finnland Irland Vereinigtes Königreich Niederlande Belgien Dänemark Schweiz Österreich Deutschland Slowenien Kroatien Tschechische Republik Slowakei Ungarn Polen Russland Litauen Lettland Estland Weißrussland Moldau Ukraine Nordmazedonien Albanien Montenegro Bosnien und Herzegowina Serbien Bulgarien Rumänien Georgien Aserbaidschan Armenien Kasachstan Usbekistan Tadschikistan Kirgisistan Russland Vereinigte Staaten Malediven Japan Nordkorea Südkorea Republik China (Taiwan) Singapur Australien Malaysia Brunei Philippinen Thailand Vietnam Laos Kambodscha IndienLocation of Africa-Eurasia on a world map
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surface 84,980,532 km²
population 6,000,000,000
Population density 70.6 inhabitants / km²
countries 147
Time zones UTC − 1 ( Cape Verde ) to UTC + 12 ( Russia )

The Great Continent Afro-Eurasia , including Afro-Eurasia , Eurafrasien or Europ Africa Rhodesia called, contains the largest contiguous land mass of the Earth .

In biogeography as well as in the humanities and social sciences , this land mass is preferably referred to as the Old World .

Africa-Eurasia is not the same as East Fortress . This outdated term usually includes a. Australia with one.



Africa-Eurasia is made up of the continents Africa and Eurasia ( Europe and Asia ). With an area of ​​about 85 million square kilometers, Africa-Eurasia covers one sixth of the earth's surface and comprises well over half of all mainland on earth. With a population of 6.1 billion people (as of 2013), the major continent is home to around 87% of the world's population .


As in the case of Eurasia , many scholars in Africa-Eurasia also argue that the subdivision of the “world island” is not justified and is merely a historical and cultural one. Traditionally, the Isthmus of Suez is seen as the border between Africa and Eurasia .


From a geological point of view, Africa-Eurasia is relatively young and has existed in its present form for around 20 million years. After the disintegration of the supercontinent Pangea in the Mesozoic , Eurasia and North America belonged to the "northern continent" Laurasia , while Africa was part of the "southern continent" Gondwana (along with South America, Australia, Antarctica and India), two land masses completely separated from each other by the Tethys Ocean . After the disintegration of Gondwana , Africa and India began to move north in the Cretaceous Period, colliding with Eurasia in the Paleogene and Neogene .

The collision between Africa and Europe will cause the Mediterranean Sea to close in around 50 million years and a mountain range comparable to the Himalayas will rise in its place.

Individual evidence

  1. German Foundation for World Population, Info & Service, country database , accessed on January 14, 2011
  2. ^ Houseman, Greg, "Dispersal of Gondwanaland," University of Leeds, accessed January 14, 2011
  3. ^ Future World , Christoph Scotese, Paleomap Project, accessed January 14, 2011