Alexander Ivanovich Vvedensky (philosopher)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Alexander Ivanovich Vvedensky

Alexander Ivanovich Vvedensky ( Russian Александр Иванович Введенский ., Scientific transliteration Aleksandr Ivanovich Vvedenskij ; born 19 jul. / 31 March  1856 greg. In Tambov , † 7. March 1925 in Leningrad ) was a Russian philosopher and psychologist .

Live and act

Vvedensky is considered an important Neo-Kantian who worked at the University of Petrograd (today Saint Petersburg). His work (1,2) and others are dedicated to the critical Kantian method of knowledge, which he declared to be the only suitable method. On the other hand, he saw it as his task to further develop the doctrine of Kant while taking into account the scientific knowledge of the 19th century.

He advocated the principle of the a priori of space, time and causality . He stated that " a priori knowledge has a greater degree of certainty than a posteriori knowledge " (1). Furthermore, he was of the opinion “that the principles logically precede experience a priori and function as conditions of its possibility” (1).

He took the position of the unknowability of the soul, which, however, was the source of perceptions. The soul is immortal. Describing mental life with the help of introspection was what he saw as the task of psychology. Vvedensky recognized free will, but also appealed to Divine Providence. Knowing about things would not explain their essence.

The views of Vvedensky within the framework of Neo-Kantianism were criticized by Mikhail Ivanovich Karinsky .


  • (1) Attempt to build a theory of matter on the principles of critical philosophy (Russian), 1888
  • Lekzi po logike (Lessons on Logic - Lectures), 1891
  • Woproci filosofi i psychologi (Questions of Philosophy and Psychology), 1894
  • Lekzi po logike (Lessons on Logic - Lectures), 1896
  • Nowaja postanowka woproca o camostojatjelnocti schertypex figure sillogisma , 1897
  • Russian literature on Kant from the years 1893–1895, 1897–1898, in: Kant studies 2, pages 349–353.
  • Philosophical essays (Russian), St. Petersburg 1901, Prague 1924
  • The fortunes of philosophy in Russia In: ibid., Speech at the first public meeting of the Philosophical Society on January 31 / February 12, 1898 in the Imperial University of Saint Petersburg
  • Religioznoe obnovlenie , 2 volumes 1903–1904
  • Logika, kak schast teori posnanija , 1909
  • Logika dlja gimnasi c dopolnenijami dlja samoobrasowanija , 1910
  • (2) Psychology without any metaphysics (Russian), 1914

Web links