Allied Command Transformation
Allied Command Transformation
|State level||Supranational military command post|
|Supervisory authority||NATO Military Committee|
|founding||June 19, 2003|
|Headquarters||Norfolk, VA (HQ SAC-T)|
|Authority management||Général d'armée ( Forces armées françaises ) André Lanata|
The Allied Command Transformation ( ACT ) is adjacent to the Allied Command Operations (ACO) one of the two strategic headquarters of NATO , responsible for the transformation and sale in the NATO command structure to the NATO headquarters . The commander is the Supreme Allied Commander Transformation (SACT).
Origin and Cold War
The Allied Command Transformation was officially established as Allied Command Atlantic (ACLANT) in Norfolk , Virginia on April 10, 1952 . It was originally called SACLANT , after its commander in chief, the Supreme Allied Commander Atlantic . SACLANT US Admiral Lynde D. McCormick had held this position since January 30, 1952.
It was set up to secure the shipping routes between North America and Europe and to support Western Europe - in the event of an attack by the Soviet Union - with US troops and material. During the Cold War , SACLANT consisted of two commands: WESTLANT and EASTLANT , which were formed on the one hand by the commander of the US Atlantic Fleet and on the other by the Commander-in-Chief Fleet of the Royal Navy . After the end of the Cold War, SACLANT and with it many subordinate headquarters, which were spread across the entire Atlantic area , were reduced . However, the basic structures were retained until the Prague Summit in the Czech Republic in 2002.
Transformation in 2004
At the Prague Summit it was decided that NATO and its concepts needed to be reformed in order to adapt to the challenges facing the Alliance in the 21st century . As a result, the military command structure of NATO has been streamlined and organized more efficiently. This was achieved through the formation and restructuring of two basic commands, the Allied Command Transformation , with a focus on the strategy and transformation of the Alliance, and the Allied Command Operations ( ACO / SHAPE ) set up in June 2003 , responsible for the operations of the NATO, e.g. B. with means like the NATO Response Force .
France returns to the NATO command structure
After France returned to the integrated NATO command structure in 2009, France took over the command post of the Supreme Allied Commander Transformation (SACT) in Norfolk and the Allied Joint Command Lisbon in Lisbon . Until then, SACT was also the commander of the US Joint Forces Command (USJFCOM).
The headquarters of the ACT ( Headquarters Supreme Allied Commander Transformation ; HQ SACT ) is the office of the Supreme Allied Commander Transformation . Since the Allied Command Atlantic became the ACT , non-Navy commanders were also used. The headquarters are divided into a command group, a transformation directorate, a transformation support directorate, a training directorate and the national liaison officers.
Institutions directly reporting to the ACT are: the Joint Warfare Center ( JWC ) in Stavanger , Norway , the Joint Force Training Center ( JFTC ) in Bydgoszcz , Poland and the Joint Analysis and Lessons Learned Center ( JALLC ) in Monsanto , Portugal . These facilities support ACT in its efforts to transform NATO. It also works with a large number of NATO institutions, e.g. B. with the national and multinational Centers of Excellence .
- Official website of the Allied Command Transformation (English)
- Basic NATO documents (English)
- www.nato.int (English)
- BBC: NATO tries to redefine itself (English)