Apennine thistle

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Apennine thistle
Carduus carlinaefolius ENBLA03.jpg

Apennine thistle ( Carduus chrysacanthus )

Order : Astern-like (Asterales)
Family : Daisy family (Asteraceae)
Subfamily : Carduoideae
Tribe : Cardueae
Genre : Ring thistles ( Carduus )
Type : Apennine thistle
Scientific name
Carduus chrysacanthus

The Apenninen thistle ( Carduus chrysacanthus ) is a plant from the genus of carduus ( Carduus ) within the family of Compositae (Asteraceae).


Vegetative characteristics

The Apennine thistle is a perennial herbaceous plant that reaches heights of about 40 centimeters. The stem, which is branched into several side branches, is hairy with cobwebs and broadly prickly winged in the lower part. The lobed, thorny foliage leaves are glabrous or only slightly hairy on top, and densely spider-weby and woolly on the underside. The leaf lobes are drawn out into a thorn up to 5 millimeters long.

Generative characteristics

The flowering period extends from June to August. At the end of a very short or no more than 6 centimeters long unleaved stem section there is a cup-shaped inflorescence with a diameter of 4 to 6 centimeters. The outer and middle bracts are drawn out in a laterally protruding or folded back long spine. The tubular flowers are purple in color.

The achenes have a pappus.


The Apennine thistle occurs in the mountainous landscapes of the Mediterranean in Italy and Croatia up to an altitude of 2300 meters above sea level. It inhabits dry pastureland and rocky locations.


The first description of Carduus chrysacanthus was made in 1825 by Michele Tenore in index Seminum Horti botanici neapolitani , page 12. There are no subtaxa longer accepted.


  • DM Moore, TG Tutin, SM Walters: Compositae . In: Thomas Gaskell Tutin , VH Heywood, NA Burges, DM Moore, DH Valentine, SM Walters, DA Webb (eds.): Flora Europaea . Plantaginaceae to Compositae (and Rubiaceae). tape 4 . Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1976, ISBN 0-521-08717-1 , pp. 223 (English, limited preview in Google Book search). (Section description)

Individual evidence

  1. a b c Werner Greuter (2006+): Compositae (pro parte majore). In: Werner Greuter, E. von Raab-Straube (Ed.): Compositae. : Carduus chrysacanthus In: Euro + Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
  2. Carduus chrysacanthus at Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, accessed March 16, 2018.

Web links

Commons : Apennine thistle ( Carduus chrysacanthus )  - Collection of images, videos and audio files