Archibald Montgomery-Massingberd

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Archibald Montgomery-Massingberd

Sir Archibald Armar Montgomery-Massingberd GCB , GCVO , KCMG (born December 6, 1871 in Fivemiletown , County Tyrone in Northern Ireland , † October 13, 1947 in Spilsby ) was a British field marshal and chief of the Imperial General Staff .


Archibald Montgomery-Massingberd was born in Fivemiletown, County Tyrone on December 6, 1871, and trained at the Charterhouse School and the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich . In 1891 he joined the Royal Field Artillery as a lieutenant and fought with her from 1899 to 1902 in the Second Boer War . In 1900 he was promoted to captain. From 1905 to 1906 Montgomery attended Staff College Camberley . In May 1909 he was assigned to the Indian Army Staff College in Quetta , British India . When the First World War broke out , he served on the General Staff of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF). He then became Chief of Staff of the IV Corps in France. From 1916 to 1919 he was Chief of Staff of the British Expeditionary Force's 4th Army.

After the war, Montgomery was Deputy Chief of Staff in British India from 1920 to 1922. In 1926 he was promoted to lieutenant general. From 1928 to 1931 he was General Officer Commanding of the Southern Command . In 1930 he was promoted to general. From 1931 to 1933 he was Adjutant-General in the British Army. From 1933 to 1936 he held the post of Chief of the Imperial General Staff . On June 7, 1935 he became field marshal; in March 1936 he retired. Montgomery died on October 13, 1947 at his home in Spilsby.


  • Tony A. Heathcote: The British Field Marshals 1736-1997. A Biographical Dictionary. Leo Cooper, Barnsley 1999, ISBN 0-85052-696-5 .
  • Archibald Armar Montgomery-Massingberd: The Story of the Fourth Army in the Battles of the Hundred Days. August 8th to November 11th. Hodder & Stoughton, London 1919.
  • Hugh Montgomery-Massingberd : Archie - A Biographical sketch of Field Marshal Sir Archibald Montgomery-Massingberd. National Trust, sl 1997.
  • Williamson Murray , Allan R. Millett (Eds.): Military Innovation in the Interwar Period. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge et al. 1996, ISBN 0-521-63760-0 .

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predecessor Office successor
George Milne Chief of the Imperial General Staff
Cyril Deverell