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Arcot (India)
Red pog.svg
State : IndiaIndia India
State : Tamil Nadu
District : Vellore
Sub-district : Arcot
Location : 12 ° 54 ′  N , 79 ° 20 ′  E Coordinates: 12 ° 54 ′  N , 79 ° 20 ′  E
Height : 164 m
Residents : 55,955 (2011)
The Delhi Gate in Arcot
The Delhi Gate in Arcot


Arcot ( Tamil : ஆற்காடு Āṟkāṭu [ ˈaːrkaːɖɯ ]) is a city in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu . It is located in the Vellore district in the north of the state on the right bank of the Palar River and has around 56,000 inhabitants (2011 census).

The name Arcot is traditionally derived from the Tamil āṟu kāṭu "six forests". From 1712 Arcot was the capital of the Muslim ruling dynasty of the Nawabs of Arcot . In 1740 Arcot was conquered by the Marathas and changed hands several times during the turmoil of the Carnatic Wars before the British under Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive, captured Arcot in 1751 and defended it against a French superiority in the same year at the Battle of Arcot . The city fell to the French in 1758, but was retaken by British forces two years later and remained under the rule of the British allied Nawab for the next twenty years. In 1780 Hyder Ali , the king of Mysore conquered Arcot, but after the end of the Mysore wars the city finally came under British rule in 1801.

Sights in Arcot include the Delhi Gate, the only remaining part of the city fortifications, and the mausoleum of the Nawab Muhammed Saadatullah Khan .

83 percent of Arcot's residents are Hindus and 16 percent Muslim . Christians make up less than 1 percent of the population. As in the whole of Tamil Nadu, the main language is Tamil, which is spoken by 76 percent of the population as their mother tongue. 14 percent speak Urdu and 10 percent Telugu .

Web links

Commons : Arcot  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Census of India 2011.
  2. ^ Census of India 2011: C-1 Population By Religious Community. Tamil Nadu.
  3. Census of India 2001: C-16 City: Population by Mother Tongue (Tamil Nadu), accessed under Tabulations Plan of Census Year - 2001 .