Weißwasser – Bad Muskau railway line
|Weißwasser – Bad Muskau|
|Route number :||6576|
|Route length:||7.71 km|
|Gauge :||1435 mm ( standard gauge )|
|Maximum slope :||12 ‰|
|Minimum radius :||500 m|
|Top speed:||50 km / h|
The Weißwasser – Bad Muskau line was a standard gauge branch line in the Free State of Saxony . It ran from the Weißwasser / Oberlausitz train station to Bad Muskau . The line, opened in 1872, was closed in 2001.
In order to develop raw materials in the area of the Muskau registry , a 600 mm small railway network was also built from 1895, the route of which between Weißwasser and Bad Muskau runs on a different route. The little train is in the present as museum railway under the name Muskau Forest Railway operated.
The since 1815 to Prussia belonging Country City Muskau was the Wilhelmine period centrally located in the German Reich . The plans for the Berlin-Görlitzer Railway envisaged that the route in Muskau should run along the Lusatian Neisse . Due to a complaint from the owner of the rulership of Muskau , Friedrich von Oranien-Nassau , Prince of the Netherlands and a brother-in-law of the German Emperor Wilhelm I , the route was not routed through the scenic Neisse Valley and Muskauer Park . Instead, the line was built in 1867 west of Muskau through the heather forests near the village of Weißwasser. In order to give the Muskau industrial companies, which belonged to the class, better sales opportunities and to connect the city to the German railway network, a connecting railway was planned. On October 9, 1871, the Berlin-Görlitzer Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft received approval for the Weißwasser – Muskau line, construction of which began on November 27, 1871. Barely a year later, on October 15, 1872, the 7.71 kilometer route was used for the first time.
The Muskauer Bahnhof was built south of the city and the park, so that the park was saved from cuts. If the route was not ideal for Muskau companies, it had a very positive effect on the ironworks in Keula , which was converted into a stock corporation six years later. In Krauschwitz , thanks to the railway connection, a small pottery developed into a business of the Deutsche Ton- und Steinzeugwerke AG .
On May 1, 1898, the route was transferred to the Lusatian Railway Company . This had built the branch line Sommerfeld-Teuplitz-Muskau from the towns of Sommerfeld (today Lubsko; on the Berlin – Breslau railway ) and Teuplitz (today Tuplice; on the Cottbus – Sorau railway ) . Operations began there on the northern section on October 1, 1897 and on the southern section on June 15, 1898.
At the end of the Second World War, the Oder-Neisse border cut through the railway line, so that the line lost its importance. A scheduled train service over the new state border did not take place after 1945. For military reasons, however, the track connection over the Neisse was retained.
On May 22, 1977 the passenger train service was stopped. Freight traffic continued until the 1990s. On January 1, 2001 the line was closed.
The section from km 0.830 to km 8.040 was sold on December 31, 2005 to ROP Roth AG , which also bought other disused lines for metal recycling.
When a cycle path was built on the railway line on the southern section of the former Bad Muskau – Lubsko railway from Łęknica to Tuplice in 2014/2015 , it was originally intended to lead to Muskau station and from there to be connected to the Oder-Neisse cycle path , what failed because of land issues. On the German side, the cycle path was therefore connected directly to the Oder-Neisse cycle path after the railway bridge via a steep ramp on federal road 115 .
- Eberhard Blume, Hanspeter Smers , Lutz Stucka : On the economic development of the Weisswasser / Oberlausitz district in the second half of the 19th century . Ed .: District Office Weißwasser / Oberlausitz, Department of Culture (= local history articles for the district of Weißwasser / Oberlausitz . Issue 7). Weißwasser / Oberlausitz 1991, p. 21st ff .
- Hermann Graf von Arnim; Willi A. Boelcke: Muskau. Jurisdiction between the Spree and the Neisse . Ullstein Verlag, Berlin / Frankfurt / Vienna 1978, p. 305 f .
- Erich Schwärzel: The railway in the Sorau district. Part 8 . In: Sorauer Heimatblatt . tape 36 , no. 4 , 1987, pp. 8th f .
- List of the disused lines in Saxony (since 01.01.1994). ( Excel file; 16 KB) Federal Railway Office , September 11, 2017, accessed on July 12, 2019 ( overview at eba.bund.de ).
- Regina Weiß: New variant leads cyclists to the railway bridge. In: Lausitzer Rundschau . September 19, 2014, accessed July 18, 2016 .