|Eng .: Baritone saxophone , Italian .: Sassofono baritono|
Aerophon single reed
|range||Sounds an octave and a major sixth (21 semitones) lower than notated|
|List of saxophonists , Category: Saxophonist|
The baritone saxophone is a musical instrument from the woodwind family , a saxophone of the low register in Eb. Some variants have a low A key with which the sounding note C can be played. It is seldom used as a soloist, but is a key element of the saxophone setting in big bands and plays a central role in the saxophone quartet . Due to the warm and rich sound, it comes very close to the cello in timbre.
Pitch range : (C) Db - a 1 . The so-called "overtones" (see overtones ) can also be used to play in significantly higher registers. The sounding note C can only be played on instruments with a low A key.
Since the sound of the baritone saxophone is a major third decimal lower than notated, it is one of the transposing instruments .
Important baritone saxophonists
The most important representatives of the jazz baritone saxophone are Pepper Adams , Julian Argüelles , Hamiet Bluiett , Céline Bonacina , Nick Brignola , Peter Brötzmann , Ernie Caceres , Harry Carney , Serge Chaloff , Ronnie Cuber , Lars Gullin , George Haslam , Günter Kronberg , Stephen Kupka , Gerry Mulligan , John Oslawski , Leo Parker , Cecil Payne , Scott Robinson , Ronnie Ross , Sahib Shihab , Gary Smulyan , John Surman and Ian Underwood . In 2000, John Williams presented his Baritone Band , which also included baritone saxophonists John Surman, Chris Biscoe , Alan Barnes , Andy Panayi and Alan Wakeman .
In classical and contemporary music, the baritone saxophone is mostly used as a second instrument, although the saxophone quartet formation is enjoying increasing popularity in classical chamber music. Important baritone saxophonists here are Linda Bangs , Kenneth Coon from the Raschèr Saxophone Quartet , Matthias Schröder from the Pindakaas Saxophone Quartet and Willem van Merwijk from the Aurelia Saxophone Quartet . Another contemporary musician is Leo Pellegrino .
- Wieland Ziegenrücker: General music theory with questions and tasks for self-control. German Publishing House for Music, Leipzig 1977; Paperback edition: Wilhelm Goldmann Verlag, and Musikverlag B. Schott's Sons, Mainz 1979, ISBN 3-442-33003-3 , pp. 174 and 182.