Biancone di Portoferraio

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Biancone di Portoferraio is an autochthonous white wine variety on the island of Elba in Italy. It is also recommended to cultivate them throughout the province of Livorno in Tuscany . On the island of Elba, which belongs to the province of Livorno, there is also the town of Portoferraio , which gave it its name. Although it is similar to the Biancone variety known in Corsica , they are not identical, according to Pierre Galet . In Australia , the Biancone di Portoferraio is grown on a small scale. The wine from the plantations known there (approx. 45 hectares ) are intended for distillation .

The very late-ripening variety is very productive and makes simple table wines that are blended into the DOC Elba wine .

Biancone is also synonymous with the Biancame , Fermana Bianca and Paga Debiti grape varieties . The Biancone di Portoferraio variety is not identical to these varieties.

See also the articles Viticulture in Italy , Viticulture in Corsica and Viticulture in Australia as well as the list of grape varieties .


The Biancone di Portoferraio grape variety is also known under the names Biancona, Biancone, Corcesco, Folle verte d'Oleron and Pagadebiti di Porto San Stefano.

Ampelographic varietal characteristics

In ampelography , the habitus is described as follows:

  • The shoot tip is open. It is hairy like a cobweb, colored yellow-green with a slightly reddish-bronze tinge. The yellowish young leaves are also hairy cobwebs.
  • The large leaves are five-lobed and clearly indented (see also the article leaf shape ). The stalk bay is lyren-shaped open (more rarely closed). The sheet is serrated to a point. The teeth are set very closely compared to the grape varieties. The leaf surface (also called the leaf blade) is blistered and rough.
  • The cylindrical grape is medium to large in size and has dense berries. The round to slightly oval berries are medium-sized and almost whitish in color.

Biancone di Portoferraio ripens about 30 days after the Gutedel and is therefore considered to ripen very late. It is a variety of the noble grapevine ( Vitis vinifera ).

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